Clinical Outcomes and Risk Factors of Meningitis among Children in Referral Hospital, Ethiopia, 2016: A Retrospective Chart Review
BACKGROUND: Meningitis remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity in patients in many countries of the world including Ethiopia. Information on clinical outcomes of meningitis, susceptibility of the causative microorganism to rationalize treatment and associated risk factors is scare. The objective of this study was to assess the risk factors and clinical outcomes of meningitis among children in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia.
METHOD: A retrospective cross sectional study was conducted in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital from January 2016 to May 2016. Data were checked for completeness, inconsistencies and entered into SPSS for windows version 20.0. Lottery method was used to select charts. One hundred seventy-nine pediatric patient files were used in the study.
RESULT: About 15% children with meningitis developed poor outcomes: developed complication, referred to higher facility, died and left against medical advice. In this study, season of admission [AOR= 5 (1.191, 20.991)], immunization status [AOR= 20.912 (3.325, 131.502)], clinical presentations [AOR= 8.779 (1.599, 48.192)] and corticosteroid administration [AOR= 8.215 (1.220,55.328)] were the determinant factors for clinical outcome of meningitis.
CONCLUSION: In this study, about 15% of children with meningitis developed poor outcomes. The determinant factors for poor outcome of meningitis were: season of admission, immunization status, clinical presentations and corticoid administration. Creating community awareness about risk factors of meningitis, early diagnosis and treatment of cases, improving vaccination coverage and use of corticosteroids are recommended to improve the clinical outcome of children affected with meningitis.