Is Albumin-based Resuscitation in Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Justifiable? An Evidence from a Cost-effectiveness Evaluation
BACKGROUND: Fluid and antimicrobial therapy are the essential parts of sepsis management. The type of fluid to resuscitate with is an unsettled issue in the treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost effectiveness of albumin-based resuscitation over crystalloids.
METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted by extracting data from a database of Sina Hospital, Islamic Republic of Iran. A decision tree was constructed by using Tree Age Pro2011. The patients were grouped based on the types of fluids used for resuscitation into crystalloid alone or crystalloid + albumin groups at the initial decision node. The patients were followed from the onset of severe sepsis and septic shock upto 28 days. The healthcare payers’ perspective was considered in constructing the model. The cost was measured in US dollars and the effectiveness was measured by life years gained.
RESULTS: The addition of albumin during resuscitation of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock has an effectiveness gain of 0.09 life years and cost increment of 495.00 USD. The estimated ICER for this analysis was 5500.00 USD per life year gained. The probability that albumin is cost-effective at one GDP per capita is 49.5%.
CONCLUSION: Albumin-based resuscitation is not cost-effective in Iran when a GDP per capita was considered for a life year gain. The cost-effectiveness was insensitive to the cost of standard care. We recomend the caustious use albumin as per the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guideline.