Developing a Model for Accreditation of Iranian Teaching Hospitals: A Qualitative Study
Background: Among different factors, accreditation is being widely used across the world to improve quality and safety in hospitals. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to develop an accreditation model for teaching hospitals in Iran.
Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in four phases from January, 2017 to March, 2018. To this end; firstly, existing accreditation models were extracted and reviewed comparatively. Within the second stage, dimensions and components of the accreditation model were extracted through semi-structured interviews. In the third stage, a new instruction was developed via integrating the findings from the first and the second stages. Finally, the model was validated in two phases of Delphi method and a specialized forum in the fourth step. Qualitative findings were then analyzed using content analysis method.
Results: Models of Joint Commission International (JCI) and Word Federation for Medical Education (WFME) in other 6 countries were reviewed and compared with the current Iranian
model. Extracted dimensions discovered to complement the present model included learner assessment, continuous reviews and revisions, and educational productivity. The final model was also developed with 12 dimensions and 94 standards. Content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) were also estimated to be 0.40 and 0.80, respectively. As well, the second round of Delphi method could increase the number of model standards to 97. Moreover, Cohen’s kappa coefficient was calculated to be at least
Conclusion: This study led to the development of a comprehensive model for scientific accreditation of teaching hospitals through reviewing documentation, combining and comparing global approaches, as well as integrating them with the views of domestic