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Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

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Plasma Cell Gingivitis Associated With Inflammatory Chelitis: A Report on a Rare Case

K Abhishek, J Rashmi

Abstract


Background: Plasma cell gingivitis (PGC) is a rare disease of gingival tissues which is difficult to treat. It has a higher rate of reoccurrence and needs a detailed and careful analysis of etiology. Further, its association with chelitis is rare, only few cases have been reported and the condition with this presentation poses a diagnostic dilemma.
Case report: This paper reports a 16 year old male with a complaint of bleeding and swelling of gingiva since 3 years. The gingival enlargement occurred on facial aspect of upper and lower anterior teeth involving attached gingival. He also presented with swelling of both lips which was recurrent and for the same duration of 3 years.
Discussion: Based on clinical features and histopathological findings, a diagnosis of plasma cell gingivitis with inflammatory chelitis was made. A detailed history of possible allergen exposure was taken and patch test was conducted to identify any such allergens. Other conditions were ruled out by blood investigation, detailed medical and drug history.
Conclusion: A close collaboration between Periodontist and Dermatologist is essential to manage such a case.


Keywords: Plasma cell gingivitis, inflammatory chelitis




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