Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejossah <p>Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities (EJOSSAH) is a bi-annual publication of the College of Social Sciences, Addis Ababa University. It is a double blind peer-reviewed Journal in English, and it is open to all interested contributors.</p> <p>Other websites associated with this Journal: <a href="http://www.aau.edu.et/css/ethiopian-journal-of-social-sciences-and-humanities/">http://www.aau.edu.et/css/ethiopian-journal-of-social-sciences-and-humanities/</a></p> College of Social Sciences, Addis Ababa University en-US Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities 1810-4487 <p>The College of the Social Sciences of Addis Ababa University owns the copyright of the articles.</p><p>The content is free to read and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND).</p> Patriarchy in Buchi Emecheta’s The Slave Girl and Bessie Head’s A Question of Power: A Gynocentric Approach https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejossah/article/view/205943 <p><em>African literature has been dominated by male African writers. However, there are a number of female African writers who contributed to the literary landscape of the continent significantly. In line with this, researches that deal with issues of gender in African literature are increasing (Fonchingong, 2006; Salami-Boukari, 2012; Stratton, 1994). In this study, I aim to expose patriarchal oppression in two selected post-colonial African novels. I ask “How do postcolonial African female writers expose gender oppression and patriarchy in their novels?” I ask how the female characters in the selected novels resist patriarchal dominance and oppression. I seek to uncover any thematic patterns and/or overlaps that would emerge across the selected novels. To achieve this, I analyze two feminist Anglophone African novels by female writers of the continent, namely ‘The Slave Girl’ and ‘A Question of Power’. Gynocentrism is used as an approach to achieve this purpose. The analyses of the novels make it feel that patriarchy is used as a tool to stabilize the discrimination of the feminine gender. The heroines in both novels are found to be patriarchal women with some attempt to reverse the gender order. The major female characters in the novels stand against the intersectional discrimination of the feminine from the male personhood, religion, as well as colonial culture. These discussions about patriarchy revive the vitality of African feminist novels to the present readers.</em></p> Ashenafi Aboye Copyright (c) 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 16 2 1 25 10.4314/ejossah.v16i2.1 The Link between Leadership Style, Organizational Change Perceptions and Job Satisfaction at the Ethiopian Electric Utility https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejossah/article/view/205945 <p><em>This study explored the relationship between leadership style, employees’ change perception, and job satisfaction at the Ethiopian Electric Utility. A correlation research design was used to conduct the study. The sample was composed of 40 leaders and 270 employees selected using proportionate stratified random sampling. Data were gathered using three standardized questionnaires merged into one and analyzed using both descriptive statistics such as mean, SD, and inferential statistics like Pearson product-moment correlation, an independent t-test, and MANOVA. Finally, the findings unveiled significant and positive correlations between transformational leadership style and organizational change perceptions and between transactional leadership style and intrinsic and extrinsic job satisfaction. There was also a negative correlation between organizational change and employees’ job satisfaction. Furthermore, the transformational leadership style has emerged as the strongest predictor of employees’ change perception. It was concluded that leaders at the organization ought to improve their leadership style to improve the existing employees’ perception of change and their job satisfaction. Additional policy implications are also forwarded in the study.</em></p> Befekadu Zeleke Belayneh Kifle Copyright (c) 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 16 2 27 60 10.4314/ejossah.v16i2.2 Contributions of Youth Centers to the Development of Young People in Ethiopia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejossah/article/view/205948 <p><em>There has been a global paradigm shift in conceptualizing how best young persons can be assisted from a conventional deficit-based approach of targeting youth&nbsp; to a more enabling approach of promoting their strengths and competencies. Establishment of youth centers was one such global initiative meant to catalyze positive youth development through supervised and youth-friendly services. In recognition of this, several youth centers have been established in Ethiopia in the last few decades. This research was thus conducted to examine contributions of these centers to the development of young people. Data were collected through questionnaire from a sample of 2,165 participants (service providers and service users) and observation of 94 youth centers drawn from all regions of the country. Findings indicated that the contributions of youth centers were generally minimal in terms of promoting overall positive youth development. Some evidence even showed that youth centers could serve as a platform for acquiring undesirable behaviors among the youth mainly because supervisory and follow up services were not evident. While expanding establishment of youth centers is indeed commendable to ensure access to the greater majority of youth, the need to improve service quality, however, is a priority concern for the relevant actors.</em></p> Belay Tefera Melese Getu Befekadu Zeleke Yekoyealem Dessie Copyright (c) 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 16 2 61 89 10.4314/ejossah.v16i2.3 Contingency, Absurdity and Human Conflict in Sartre’s Philosophy https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejossah/article/view/205965 <p><em>This article is centered on two of Sartre’s literary works: “Nausea” and “No Exit” along with his dialectical theory of the ‘Look’ in Being and Nothingness. I believe that these three texts represent not three distinct perspectives but rather different sets of approach to the same problem i.e. the phenomenon of human relationship. It is with this point in mind that I develop the following interrelated claims. First, even though Sartre intended to bring a new language and mode of articulation in his later works, the fundamental features of his philosophy remained the same. Thus, issues that are foundational to his early writing including the self/other relationship, the for-itself as project, the contingent reality of the world, the resistance of the in-itself/ materiality all figure high in his later writings as well. Second, as opposed to any social philosophy which accepts the possibility of a harmonious relation between human beings Sartre perceived the essence of human relations not as mitesein (‘being-with’), but rather as conflict. I submit that the source of Sartre’s problem lies in his very model of social relations given that his social ontology does not allow him to incorporate what Maurice Marleau-Ponty calls the "inter-world". This paper is also informed with the belief that although Sartre the intellectual and the creative artist are closely joined together, essentially, the novelist is much more assuring than the philosopher. Thus, even when he is not writing a literary composition proper he displays a unique talent of putting his philosophical ideas in artistic and dramatic terms. I use Sartre’s phenomenological description of the dialectic of the "look" (Le Regard) to demonstrate this point. The final section of the paper is devoted to a critical examination of Sartre’s philosophical positions developed in the works discussed above.&nbsp;</em></p> Dagnachew Assefa Copyright (c) 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 16 2 91 110 10.4314/ejossah.v16i2.4 Pastoral Conflict, Emerging Trends and Environmental Stress in Nyangatom, Southern Ethiopia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejossah/article/view/205950 <p><em>This study examined the dynamics of conflict, emerging trends and relationship between inter-pastoral conflicts and environmental changes in Nyangatom, Southern Ethiopia. &nbsp;The study employed a qualitative approach and exploratory case study research design. &nbsp;The study revealed that inter-pastoral conflicts stem from multiple and compounding dynamics. The environmental change has escalated intense inter-pastoralists’ contestation and conflicts, including cross-border conflict, on the scarce and fast-depleting natural resources. Indeed, there is a causal link between inter-pastoral conflicts and environmental changes. In this regard, the environmental factor has uniquely affected the Nyangatom due to the drying of Kibish River and rapid invasion of Prosopis</em>–<em>Juliflora</em><em> in their key grazing lands. In response to environmental stresses as part of the traditional copying mechanism, the Nyangatom cross border deep into South-Sudan to their ethnic kin of Toposa and into Kenya that usually causes frequent cross-border conflicts with Turkana pastoralists. Irrespective of discernible risk of conflicts, they used to migrate to Mursi and Surma territories that caused conflict. And yet, the Nyangatom has often engaged in frequent conflicts with Dasanach. The study suggests alternative livelihood options and an understanding of the complex conflict dynamics in view of the cause-effect relationships for future management of inter-pastoral and cross-border conflicts in the region.</em></p> Temesgen Thomas Taddesse Berisso Copyright (c) 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 16 2 111 132 10.4314/ejossah.v16i2.5