Forensic appraisal of leg length as a predictor for determination of Nigerian students’ body height

  • Adekunle I. Musa Department of Mechanical Engineering, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye, Ibogun Campus, Nigeria
  • Temitayo S. Ogedengbe Department of Mechanical Engineering, Elizade University, Ilara Mokin, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Ademola E. Adeleke Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University, Oye Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
  • Abiola O. Ajayeoba Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State Nigeria
  • Syed M. Qutubuddin Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, P.D.A College of Engineering, Gulbarga-585102, Kamataka State, India
  • Imhade P. Okokpujie Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
Keywords: Body height, Leg length, Anthropometric, Forensic, Regression, Student


Appraisal of body height (Bh) from leg length (LL) and other anthropometric parts of an individual is very important in the identification of human skeletal remains. The objective of this study was to develop a model for the estimation of Bhmale, Bhfemale and Bhcombined. The study was conducted in three selected tertiary institutions in Southwest Nigeria with a total of 324 students (162 male and 162 female) using the snowball techniques where the Bh and LL of the students were measured using stadiometer and sliding caliper. The data were analysed statistically using statistical package for social sciences v 21 software. The result showed mean values of 168.49 ± 9.19 cm of Bhmale, 168.15 ± 8.66 cm Bhfemale and 168.32±8.91 cm Bhcombined. Similarly, the mean values of 96.40±7.29 cm LLmale, 96.27±6.96 cm LLfemale and 96.33 ± 7.12 cm LLcombined were found. Furthermore, the coefficient of determination, R2 was determined as 76.0%, 19.1% and 44.3%, respectively. Three regression models were formulated to determine the Bhmale, Bhfemale and Bhcombined with LLmale, LLfemale and LLcombined as the predictors. It was concluded that this formulated model could be a veritable tool for the development of forensic anthropological studies for Nigerian student population.


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2312-6019
print ISSN: 1816-3378