Ethiopian Pharmaceutical Journal

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Country of origin versus success in a non-traditional pharmacy programme at Howard University, Washington, DC, USA

Andrea Bush, Ositadinma Akaeme, Youness Karodeh, Bisrat Hailemeskel


The American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) created the Non-Traditional Doctor of Pharmacy (NTDP) Programme in order to give pharmacists who previously earned a Bachelor of Science (BSc) degree in pharmacy the opportunity to pursue a Pharm. D. The NTDP programmes in US universities offer education similar to those offered to full-time students. It is believed that several factors, including an individual’s country of origin, can affect their success in an NTDP programme in a US university. We divided 250 Howard University NTDP students into groups by country of origin, and found that those students originally from Ethiopia, followed by Nigeria, showed significantly higher Grade Point Average (GPA) outcomes than the countries compared.

Keywords: pharmacy, education, Howard, Ethiopia, Nigeria


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