Influence of Recovery Efforts on Solid Waste Management Practices in Nigeria: A Review
The predominance of unwanted materials lying fallow in the environment, and the availability of information on waste management, offer the opportunity to explore the use of these resources as sources of recovered material. Regulatory drivers aim to harmonise the recovery potentials of wastes, thereby reducing the volumes sent to landfill. In this vein, this paper investigates the emissions from municipal solid wastes, which can lead to major environmental impacts. This study assessed the influence of recovery efforts on solid waste management practices in Nigeria. This was done by examining available literature chronicling pollution from unregulated dumpsites which can bioaccumulate in the environment, causing climatic impacts. It was discovered that emissions from waste can impact soil, water, and air, thus contributing to greenhouse gas emissions. Many developed countries have recorded significant improvement in adopting treatment facilities that can enable them to meet up sustainable development goals. However, developing countries still need assistance in developing a sustainable waste management programme that can help change their lifestyle, thus improving the management of the waste they produce. It becomes imperative that making the right choices can change the consumption pattern, thus, reducing the influx of pollutants whilst fostering a clean environment. Thus, a high-level recovery of resources can secure a sustainable future and a healthy environment.
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