Examining the effectiveness and challenges of compulsory land acquisition process in Abuja, Nigeria
In spite of the statutes guiding Compulsory Land Acquisition and Compensation (CLA&C) procedure in Nigeria, the outcomes of the process are nonetheless filled with problems and lingering disputes between the acquiring authorities and the affected communities. This study, therefore, examine the effectiveness and challenges of compulsory land acquisition process in Durumi District of Abuja. Data for the study were sourced from the local inhabitants and officials of the Federal Capital Development Authority involved in the CLA&C exercise. The data retrieved from these respondents were analysed by descriptive methods while the challenges encountered during the exercise were analysed using factor analysis technique. Findings indicate that the respondents adjudged the reconnaissance survey, service of notice and publicity and time given for relocation as effective. While enumeration and assessment, payment of compensation as well as change of ownership were determined ineffective and they expressed low level of satisfaction with the exercise. Three (3) main factors; institutional, claimants attitude and sentimental value attached to land were identified which account for 75.1% of the total variance of the challenges affecting CLA&C.in the study area. The study recommends a policy response from the relevant authorities (Federal Government and the acquiring authorities) in terms of evolving a sustainable process for CLA&C exercise where the stakeholders are actively involved.
Keywords: Compulsory Land Acquisition, Compensation, Effectiveness, Process, Challenges