Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 2020-10-27T13:49:24+00:00 Jonathan Okeke Chimakonam Open Journal Systems <p><em>Filosofia Theoretica</em>&nbsp;is a publication of Calabar School of Philosophy (CSP), University of Calabar.&nbsp;<em>From 2018,&nbsp;<span lang="EN-GB"> the journal will begin to publish a third issue which will be a bi-lingual edition in both French and English languages</span>.&nbsp; Filosofia Theoretica</em>&nbsp;provides outlet for well researched and original papers in the following areas of African studies: philosophy, culture, religions, history and arts. It also publishes book reviews. Its publication cycle is January-June and July-December issues. The journal is abstracted/indexed on SCOPUS, EBSCO Humanities Source, ProQuest, Google Scholar, Ajol, EBSCO Database, Philosopher's index, etc. Filosofia Theoretica is also accredited by the Department of Higher Education and Training (DoHET), South Africa.&nbsp;</p> <p>Usage Policy: For student based personal use or general academic research only. Not to be used for commercial purposes without the prior notice of the publishers.</p> <p>The second website related to the journal is <a title="" href="/index.php/ft/manager/setup/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a></p> <p>The&nbsp;SCImago Journal Rank for this journal can be found here:&nbsp;<a href=";tip=sid&amp;clean=0">;tip=sid&amp;clean=0</a></p> The roles of foreign influences in the evolution of social and filial relations in Nigeria 2020-10-27T13:32:15+00:00 Mohammed Akinola Akomolafe <p>Nigeria, as a geographical entity is replete with various ethnic and cultural identities that have continued to evolve from pre-colonial times to recent<br>times. Granted that civilizations from Europe and Arabia have dictated almost all spheres of living, both in the Northern and Southern geographies of the country and eroded nearly all traditional values that would have assisted in curbing social and filial tensions; it is pertinent to inquire into the social relations before this ‘encounter.’ This is important as this research seeks to invoke some aspects of the past that can be relevant for contemporary utility. Hence, through the method of critical analysis, this study takes a look at the socio-economic norms among the pre-colonial cultures that eventually evolved into Nigeria, paying attention to the place of slaves and women and laying emphasis on the filial and communal nature which allowed for a not too wide the gap between the rich and the poor. Even when this study is not unaware of the positive roles of foreign influence, it recounts the deficits of this presence and suggests that a<br>proper way is to explore some indigenous ideas and apply them for contemporary living.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Culture, Family, Moral Values, Nigeria, Pre-colonial</p> 2020-10-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Symbolism and social order among the Igbo 2020-10-27T13:35:34+00:00 Christian Sunday Agama <p>In this essay, I argue that though symbolism performs many roles in different cultures, it has a uniquely moral one in Igbo land. That unique role which symbolism performs in the pristine communalistic Igbo society concerns the regulation of human freedoms and actions in order to maintain social order. But is this something that can be sustained in a modern Igbo society that is more individualistic than communalistic? This paper is of the view that through the proper maintenance of such symbolism: social control between individuals and groups shall be more coordinated in the contemporary Igbo world; regulate and checkmate the Igbo moral consciousness of oneness; control some cultural maladjustment and bring more about social unity in Igbo land.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Symbol, Symbolism, Social Order, Igbo, Oji</p> 2020-10-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Nietzsche’s idea of eternal recurrence and the notions of reincarnation in Onyewuenyi and Majeed 2020-10-27T13:38:47+00:00 Anthony Chimankpam Ojimba Ada Agada <p>This paper examines Nietzsche’s idea of eternal recurrence and the notions of reincarnation in Onyewuenyi and Majeed with a view to showing how convergence and divergence of thought in the Nietzschean, Onyewuenyean and Majeedean philosophy contexts can inform cross-cultural philosophizing. Nietzsche’s idea of eternal recurrence represents his deep thought, which claims that every aspect of life returns innumerable times, in an identical fashion. On the other hand, Onyewuenyi posits that reincarnation is un-African as he conceives it as the theory that when the soul separates from the body, at death, it informs another body for another span of life, while Majeed sees evidence of the African rootedness of the belief in reincarnation, based on his study of the Akan people of Ghana and concedes that the belief, itself, is irrational, since there is no scientific or empirical basis for it. Attempts are made to highlight the dynamics of Nietzsche’s idea of eternal recurrence and to articulate the essential ingredients of Onyewuenyean and Majeedean conceptions of reincarnation. These forms of thought will be examined critically to exhibit their convergence and divergence in the context of cross-cultural philosophizing.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> eternal recurrence, reincarnation, will to power, vital force, cross-cultural philosophy, spirit-world</p> 2020-10-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Qualified objection to Ani’s qualified acceptance of Wiredu’s notion of consensus democracy in Africa 2020-10-27T13:42:30+00:00 Cyril-Mary Pius Olatunji Mojalefa L.J. Koenane <p>This essay offers a critical review of Emmanuel Ifeanyi Ani’s article ‘On agreed action without agreed notions.’ Ani’s paper makes a critique of Kwasi Wiredu’s consensual democracy to the conclusion that though desirable, left the way it is, the model of consensus on which the idea of Wiredu’s non-party democracy was founded is itself admirable but defective and, therefore, calls for further enhancements. While not suggesting that Wiredu’s idea is perfect, this paper provides some objections to Ani’s view without necessarily aiming to make an apologetic defence of Wiredu. In the process, this paper, employing a critical conversation method, examines the most salient criticisms of Ani against Wiredu to the conclusion that Ani’s suggestion, by which he has opened up a new horizon in understanding human nature and assisting in making scholarly post-deliberation analysis, is impracticable. That is, it is still practically incapable of necessarily impacting any significant value to the process involved in attaining consensus itself.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Africa, Philosophy, Consensus, Democracy, Values</p> 2020-10-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) The phenomenon of Skolombo in Calabar and the challenge of urban subalternism 2020-10-27T13:44:56+00:00 Al Chukwuma Okoli <p>This paper examines the phenomenon of Skolombo in Calabar (Nigeria) in relation to the challenge of urban subalternism in that context. This is against the backdrop of the evolution of the Skolombo into a rising urban subaltern category involved in the underworld and ant-social activities. By means of exploratory and conversational discourse that relies on extant literature as well as insights from personal communications, the paper posits that Skolombo phenomenon represents an existential struggle by abandoned and rejected street children who are surviving against structural societal victimization. Away from home, these children have found the streets, not only an inevitable abode but also a space for opportunistic survival. Over the years, they have evolved a pattern of street living characterized, among other things, by restiveness, touting, gangsterism, and criminality. Associated with this pattern of existence is an emerging subaltern identity that highlights a crisis of urbanity in Calabar metropolis of Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Calabar, Skolombo, street living, subaltern identity, urban criminality, urban subalternism</p> 2020-10-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Book Review: <i>Consensus as Democracy in Africa</i> 2020-10-27T13:48:54+00:00 Andrew Akpan <p><strong>Book Title:</strong> <em>Consensus as Democracy in Africa</em></p> <p><strong>Book Author:</strong> Bernard Matolino</p> <p>Size: 168 x 240 mm. Pages: 240 pages. ISBN 13: 978-1-920033-31-6. Published: October 2018. Publishers: NISC (Pty) Ltd for African Humanities Program. Cover: Paperback.</p> 2020-10-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c)