Gender and Behaviour

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A critical analysis of the orthographic data in the lemmatization of nouns in dictionaries: A case of Tshivenda

Shumani Leonard Tshikota, Avhavhudzani Virginia Mantsha, Lekau Eleazar Mphasha


The way the words are spelt in Tshivenḓa is not different from the way they are written. The objective of this paper is to investigate the presence of orthographic data in the treatment of nouns in Tshivenḓa bilingual and trilingual dictionaries. Orthographic data specify spellings of the lexical items. When compiling dictionaries, lexical items need to have uniform or adequate spellings or spelling variants.

Keywords: Stem, Root, Prefix, Initial Letter, Phonemic Alphabet

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