Gender health disparities among a nationally representative population sample of aging adults in India in 2017-2018
The aim of this study was to determine the gender health disparity in aging community-dwelling adults in India in 2017-2018. The cross-sectional national sample included 52,393 individuals (≥50 years) from the Longitudinal Ageing Study in India (LASI) Wave 1 in 2017-2018, 53.3% were female and 46.7% male. In the final adjusted logistic regression analyses, women had poorer self-rated health, poorer cognitive functioning, insomnia symptoms, and higher functional disability than men. Current smoking, current smokeless tobacco use, and heavy episodic drinking was more frequent in men than in women, and physical inactivity, general overweight/obesity, abdominal obesity, injury, and recurrent fall were more common in women than in men. Regarding chronic diseases, hypertension, angina, cancer, bone or joint diseases, persistent headaches, back pain or problems, physical pain, periodontal disease, impaired vision, and stress incontinence were more prevalent in women than in men, while the prevalence of stroke was higher in men than in women. Among the 36 health indicators evaluated, 20 had a female health disadvantage, 4 had a male health disadvantage, and 12 did not differ between the female-male groups .