Efficiency Of Resources Used In Yam-Based Cropping Systems In Ekiti State, South Western Nigeria
The efficiency and profitability of yam-based cropping systems in Ekiti State was investigated using 120 randomly selected farming households. Descriptive statistics, costs and returns and regression model were employed as analytical tools. The results revealed yam-based cropping systems were profitable in the study area with return per hectare highest in yam/maize system and lowest in yam/pepper system. Return on capital employed was
however highest in yam/vegetable/maize system with capital turnover of 86kobo per a naira invested in the enterprise. Regression results revealed labour in mandays, farm size and other variable inputs as the significant factors influencing yam production in the area. These are targets for policy formulation.
Keywords: Yam-based cropping systems, profitability, resource-use efficiency