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Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Irrigation potential of Inuakpa in Odukpani local government of Cross river using Kostiakov model

B.O. Unuigbe, K.I. Ofem, N.R.B. Antigha

Abstract


Infiltration measurements were carried out using cylindrical infiltrometer with height and diameter of 15cm and 5cm respectively. Sixteen infiltration runs were carried out in a composite grid (30m x 30m) in Inuakpa, Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River State to test the efficiency of Kostiakov’s model, measure infiltration rate and relate same to some soil physical properties. Mean infiltration rate of 9.01 cmhr-1 was obtained at the end of the runs. The soil textural class was loamy sand with particle size distribution indicating mean values of 82.4, 7.2 and 10.4 % for sand, silt and clay respectively. The bulk density, particle density and total porosity had mean values of 1.35 Mgm-3, 2.48 Mgm-3 and 44.86 % while their coefficients of correlation with infiltration rate where 0.58, 0.48 and 0.69 respectively. There were also linear and positive relationships between infiltration rate and sand and silt contents with coefficients of correlation of 0.92** and 0.55* (p ≤ 0.05) respectively while clay content was not specifically linear or positive. Kostiakov infiltration model fitted well in evaluating infiltration parameters for sustained agricultural production. The soil infiltration rate, physical and chemical properties studied placed the soil in class 2 - irrigable. Mulching with plant residues, cover cropping, the use of restorative crops and zero tillage should be practiced in the area as soil management strategies.




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