Ghana Journal of Development Studies <p class="western" align="JUSTIFY"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><em>Ghana Journal of Development Studies</em> (GJDS) is a multi – trans – and an interdisciplinary journal with a development focus. The GJDS publishes works on development policy, programming and projects, whether analytical, evaluative, basic, applicative and/or descriptive. It accepts papers from varied disciplinary areas; including the physical sciences, social sciences and the humanities. Articles must show direct relevance to development. Emphasis is on empirical research that build on and/or ground theory. However, manuscripts of high quality on theoretical aspects of development related disciplines as well as book reviews are considered for publication. The GJDS provides a forum for lecturers, researchers, and development-related professionals to re/present findings on critical research and/or analysis of development issues with emphasis on, but not exclusive to the Ghanaian as well as African settings. The GJDS is a journal of the Faculty of Integrated Development Studies of University for Development Studies, Ghana. The GJDS is a peer-reviewed journal and indexed on internationally acclaimed scholarly indexing/publishing systems: The International Bibliography of Social Sciences (IBSS), EBSCO and Society of African Journal Editors. </span></span></p> Faculty of Integrated Development Studies, University for Development Studies, Ghana en-US Ghana Journal of Development Studies 0855-6768 <p>© 2018 The authors.</p><p>The Ghana Journal of Development Studies is published twice a year (May &amp; October) by the Faculty of Integrated Development Studies as a service to development related research.</p><p>No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any means; electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise, without the written authorisation of the publisher and copyright owner.</p><p>The content is licensed uder a CC-BY license.</p> Application of Ecological Modernisation in Sand Winning in Building Construction in Tamale, Ghana <p>Sand is a raw material in the building and construction industry. Its sustainable supply is required to support infrastructure development in&nbsp; emerging cities in Ghana and elsewhere. However, sand is not adequately recognised as building construction foundational material, and is not sufficiently addressed by policy, planning, legislation and institutional management and remains a grey area in mainstream research. The increasing population in Tamale requires shelter which leads to exploitation of more sand. This study assessed sand winning from the periphery to support the core, Tamale. The study adopted crosssectional design with a mixed method approach. It involved a primary target of 200 sand winners and a secondary target of 59 household heads in a multi-stage sampling. Primary data were generated using questionnaire, key informant interview guide and personal observation. Data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Scientists’ descriptive statistics, central tendencies and cross tabulation with chi square test. The results showed that sand winning was done in six districts outside Tamale Metropolitan Assembly. Sand was winned from riverbeds, river walls and sand deposits. Sand winners preferred the use of manual labour to excavators. Sand winning provided livelihoods for tipper truck drivers and loading boys. Government regulation of the activity is limited and unsatisfactory. There was cordial relationship between sand winners and sand winning communities. It is recommended that government creates an agency to manage sand winning.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Sand Winning, Concretisation, Ecological Modernisation, Tipper Truck, Tamale</p> Inusah Abu Kenneth Peprah Copyright (c) 2020-10-23 2020-10-23 17 2 1 22 10.4314/gjds.v17i2.1 Enhancing Workplace Safety Culture in the Mining Industry in Ghana <p>The paper concerns organisational safety culture and how it may be applied to reduce employee accidents in the mining industry in Ghana. A sample of 340 managerial workers of three mining companies in the Tarkwa Nsuaem Municipality was selected using the simple random sampling technique. Data for the study was gathered using a survey questionnaire. The Structural Equation Modelling analysis technique was performed to establish the relationship between safety culture and each of the five dimensions of workplace safety (work safety, management safety practices, safety programmes, supervisor safety and co-worker safety). It was found that safety culture is a significant positive predictor of work safety (R2 = 0.039), management safety practices (R2 = 0.272), safety programmes (R2 = 0.159), co-worker safety (R2 = 0.225) and supervisor safety (R2 = 0.199). The study concluded that workplace safety can be improved by enhancing the safety culture in the mining industry in Ghana. The study&nbsp; recommends that in order to curb the incidence and occurrence of accidents and injuries in the mining industry in Ghana, Human Resource (HR) managers should lay more emphasis on ways that would enhance the safety culture of all employees in the industry.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Safety Culture, Mining Industry, Workplace Safety, Industrial Accidents, Ghana </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Felix Kwame Opoku Isaac Kosi Dominic Degraft-Arthur Copyright (c) 2020-10-23 2020-10-23 17 2 23 48 10.4314/gjds.v17i2.2 The Impact of Fee and Liability Waivers on Patronage of Rattray Park in Ghana <p>The study assessed the relationship between fee and liability waivers introduced at Rattray Park vis-a-vis its patronage by low income earners within the Kumasi Metropolis. Barriers to park use as well as safety awareness were also analysed. The research design adopted as a guide was the survey study method. In all, 141 revellers were contacted through questionnaire administration within a 3-day period during the programme. Indepth Interview (IDI) schedules were also conducted with key stakeholders who were incharge of organising the waiver programmes. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS while qualitative data were manually transcribed. The study revealed that low income earners took advantage of the waiver programmes (attested by 44% of respondents) with p-value of 0.034 to make use of the park. Similarly, about 70% of respondents considered<br>inability to afford the cost of entry tickets a factor which hindered their recreational use of the park. The fee waiver concept was noted in the study as well-intended and a strategic recommendation suggested by park-goers signaled the need for boosting recreational activities in the park to engage visitors all day long for a richer experience.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Fee Waivers, Liability Waivers, Revellers, Rattray Park, Low Income Earners</p> Seth Koli Conrad-J. Wuleka Kuuder Getrude Poku Copyright (c) 2020-10-23 2020-10-23 17 2 49 71 10.4314/gjds.v17i2.3 Decentralised Monitoring in Emerging Local Governments: An Analysis of Benefits and Constraining Factors in the Lawra Municipality, Ghana <p>This paper contributes to the empirical literature on the benefits and constraining factors of monitoring in decentralised governments in emerging democratic governments. Decentralised monitoring has theoretically been recognised as providing comprehensive data for decentralised planning, quality service delivery, enhancing accountability, and assessing development interventions’ effectiveness at the local level. However, empirical evidence on its effectiveness in decentralised governance is still evolving. A case study design encompassing the conduct of 12 key informant interviews was used for the study. Findings show that monitoring supports early identification of problems for their quick resolution; enables shared learning; gives voice to community level stakeholders; checks the deviant behaviour of service providers and enhances efficiency in resource use. Inadequate staffing; scrawny knowledge and skills; derisory logistics; noncompliance to budget and calendar for monitoring and&nbsp; uncoordinated arrangements in project implementation constrained decentralised monitoring effectiveness. The evidence gathered support the<br>theoretical arguments for decentralised monitoring and adds to the list of constraining issues in the organisational, human resource and policy factors. The study recommends effervescent advocacy for building monitoring capacity at district level and nurturing political leadership as champions for monitoring in order to get hold of development effectiveness at the local level of governance.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Decentralised Governments, Monitoring, Decentralised Monitoring, Benefits,Constraints</p> Bernard Afiik Akanpabadai Akanbang Cosmas Bekyieriya Copyright (c) 2020-10-23 2020-10-23 17 2 72 94 10.4314/gjds.v17i2.4 Modern Trends in Ownership and Acquisition of Large-scale Lands in Teshie and Kasoa, Ghana <p>With the rising urbanisation of some parts of Ghana, the demand for land for various purposes is inevitable. The article assesses current trend of&nbsp; large-scale land acquisition in Teshie and Kasoa. The study used semi-structured interviews to solicit primary data from key informants such as chiefs at Nyanyano-Kasoa and Tsie-We family head at Teshie, land guards, and investors who acquire large scale lands in these areas to identify the trends in such acquisitions between 2014 to 2019.The study uncovered that though there are variations in the nature of land ownership in Teshie and Kasoa, multiple sale of lands, poor land management practices, litigation and land guarding are common practices in both areas. The study found that there is an institutional gap as both the state and traditional institutions have not really done much to deal with the challenges&nbsp; confronting LSLAs in these areas. It is recommended that land owning groups be engaged and educated by the Lands Commission in collaboration with Customary Lands Secretariat on proper ways to manage and sell their lands to avoid multiple sales and the conflicts that it brings. The Ghana police service should crackdown on land guarding which is an illegal activity.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Large-scale, Land Acquisition, Land Ownership, Customary Land Secretariat, Traditional Authorities</p> Appau Williams Miller Oliver Tannor Ofori Peres Copyright (c) 2020-10-23 2020-10-23 17 2 95 116 10.4314/gjds.v17i2.5