The relationship between primary school teachers extrinsic motivation and pupils academic performance in Cross River State, Nigeria

  • Rita A. Ndifon
  • Bernedette U. Cornelius-Ukpepi


The study investigated the relationship between primary school teacher’s extrinsic motivation and pupils’ academic performance in Cross river State, Nigeria. Ex Post Facto research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study consisted of 17,221 teachers and 68,201 Primary Six Pupils in the three educational zones of the state. Proportionate Stratified random sampling procedure was used to select 100 schools that participated in the study. A simple random technique of hat and draw method was further used to select 2000 teachers and 500 pupils who formed the sample for the study. Two instruments were used for data collection. Primary School Teachers Motivation Questionnaire (PSTMQ) and objective test items in English Language, Mathematics and Primary Science to measure students’ performance. These instruments were validated and split half reliability estimate was ascertained. All hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance. The result of the study revealed a significant relationship between the variables and pupils’ academic performance in English Language, Mathematics and Primary Science. It was recommended that learning facilities should be provided and regularly maintained. Teachers’ salaries/fringe benefits should be paid regularly and on time by the government as this will serve as a motivating factor for greater performance.


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eISSN: 1596-6224