Global Journal of Educational Research

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Determinants of effective implementation of universal basic education programme in Ikom Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria

Catherine Alex Agbor


This study examined the determinants of effective implementation of Universal Basic Education Programme in Ikom Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. Two research questions were posed to guide the study. Relevant literature was reviewed based on the variables of the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was made up of all 4,508 public primary school teachers and all the 345 public primary schools in the area while the sample size was 468 public primary school teachers and 156 public primary schools. In selecting the sample for the study, a multi-stage sampling technique was adopted involving stratified random sampling, purposive sampling and accidental sampling. Data was collected for the testing of the two research questions through the use of questionnaire, checklist and secondary source, from State Universal Basic Education Board and analyzed using SPSS. The result of the analysis revealed that instructional monitoring and supervision in schools is poor as only Head teachers do the bulk of monitoring and supervision of instruction. The results further revealed that record keeping practices in schools was below standard. Based on these findings, recommendations were made

Keywords: UBE Programme, Ikom Education zone, instructional monitoring, supervision, record keeping

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