Global Journal of Educational Research https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr <p><em>Global Journal of Education Research</em> is aimed at promoting research in all areas of Education including curriculum development, educational technology, foundation, administration etc.</p><p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables /> <w:SnapToGridInCell /> <w:WrapTextWithPunct /> <w:UseAsianBreakRules /> <w:DontGrowAutofit /> </w:Compatibility> <w:BrowserLevel>MicrosoftInternetExplorer4</w:BrowserLevel> </w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" LatentStyleCount="156"> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--> <!-- /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin:0cm; margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";} @page Section1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt; margin:72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin:35.4pt; mso-footer-margin:35.4pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> <!--[if gte mso 10]> <mce:style><! /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} --> <!--[endif]--></p><p class="MsoNormal">Visit the Global Journal Series website here: <a title="http://www.globaljournalseries.com/" href="http://www.globaljournalseries.com/" target="_blank">http://www.globaljournalseries.com/</a></p><p> </p> Bachudo Science Company Limited en-US Global Journal of Educational Research 1596-6224 © 2018. This work is licensed under the creative commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Politics of managing university education with emerging technologies in the covid-19 pandemic era: perspectives of academic staff in cross river state, nigeria. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr/article/view/230538 <p>The aim of this study was to analyze academic staff perception of politics of managing university education with emerging technologies in the Covid-19 pandemic era in Cross River State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted in this study. The population of the study was made up of all the 2867 academic staff academic staff cutting across the University of Calabar and Cross River University of Technology, all in Cross River State, Nigeria. To collect data for the study, the sample of the study was 1432 academic staff randomly selected from the entire population of academic staff of the two universities. Questionnaire was the major instrument for data collection. Data collected were coded and analyzed using mean, standard deviation and frequency counts. It was found among others that; appointment, funding, employment, award of contract and payment of EAA are all areas with political interference in the university system; YouTube, Edmodo, Facebook WhatsApp, Blogging, Telegramm, Digital White Board, Wechat, EasyBib, Notability, Projector and&nbsp; Zoom are among the emerging technologies in the university for teaching and learning in the covid-19 pandemic era. Among the recommendations was that university management and the government should ensure that emerging technologies are made available and optimally utilized by both academic staff and students for effective teaching, learning, assessment of students, research result dissemination and for the general management of the public universities.</p> Michael Ekpenyong Asuquo, Uduak Imo Ekpoh, Kelechi Victoria Udeh, Copyright (c) 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 21 2 87 97 10.4314/gjedr.v21i2.1 Teachers’ attitudes to work on learners’ study readiness in primary schools in odukpani local government area of cross river state, nigeria. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr/article/view/230539 <p>The purpose of this study was to find out influence of teachers’ attitudes to work on learners’ study readiness in primary schools in Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Two research questions and two null hypotheses were posed and formulated respectively to guide the study. Ex-post-facto design was adopted for the study, purposive sampling technique was used to select 60 respondents (40 class teachers, 10 deputy head teachers and 10 head teachers) for the study. The instruments used for gathering data for this study were the Teachers’ Attitude to Work Questionnaire (TAWQ) and Learners’ Study Readiness Assessment Scale (LSRAS), which were arranged on a 4-point Likert Scale. The instrument was validated by one expert in educational Measurement and Evaluation in National Teachers’ Institute (Calabar Study Centre). All the hypotheses were tested with one-sample population t-test and one-way analysis of variance at .05 level of significance. The research findings revealed that: The levels of learners’ study readiness in terms of reading/note copying, concentration, time schedule and home work are all significantly higher than the expected level. Teachers’ attitude has significant influence on learners’ study readiness in schools. The teachers should help nurture in learners the capacity of using effective study readiness as a guarantee for maximum achievement as one of the recommendations.</p> Aniah, Solomon Agwanyang, Stephen Olenye, Odok Lilian Oyak Adie, Joy Ashibebongye, Copyright (c) 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 21 2 99 104 10.4314/gjedr.v21i2.2 Teacher characteristics and effective teaching among secondary school teachers in calabar education zone, cross river state nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr/article/view/230540 <p>The study examined the influence of teacher characteristics (teacher qualification and year of teaching experience) on effective teaching among secondary school social studies teachers in Calabar education zone of Cross River State Nigeria. To achieve this objective, two hypotheses were formulated and tested. The survey research design was adopted for the study. The sample consist of One hundred and sixty-four (164) teachers in sixty (60) secondary schools in the zone. One structured questionnaire titled “Teacher Characteristics and Effective Teaching Questionnaire’’ (TCETQ) was developed by the researcher and validated by experts in Sociology of Education and in measurement/Evaluation, it had a reliability coefficient of .75 &amp; .92 developed using split half reliability method. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was the statistical tool used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that teachers’ qualification and year of experience significantly influence effective teaching. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that teachers should be encouraged to frequently go for professional development long and short term courses in order to acquire knowledge that can facilitate delivery and those who have spent more years should see the need to give room for mentor-mentee relationship for the betterment of the system.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Constance A. Dien, Margaret E. Oyo-Ita, Judith Ari, Copyright (c) 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 21 2 105 113 10.4314/gjedr.v21i2.3 Self-concept and acceptance of lesbianism tendency among senior secondary school girls in ovwie local government area of delta state, nigeria. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr/article/view/230541 <p>This study stems from the observation that lesbianism is fast creeping into Girls’ secondary schools in Nigeria. Using the ex-post facto research design, the study examined the influence of self-concept (moral and academic) on the acceptance of lesbianism tendency among 218 senior secondary school girls in Ovwie Local Government Area (LGA) of Delta State, Nigeria with a population of 2,112 senior secondary school girls. The respondents were randomly selected. The three research hypotheses formulated to guide this study were tested at a 0.05 level of significance. The instrument for data collection was the Self-concept and Acceptance of Lesbianism Tendency Questionnaire (SALTQ). The data were analyzed with the population and independent t-tests as the statistical tools. The results showed that the level of lesbianism tendency among senior secondary school girls in the study area was significantly high while a significant influence of moral and academic self-concepts on acceptance of lesbianism tendency was found to exist among the girls. Based on the findings, it was recommended that efforts should be made by the stakeholders of education to reduce the level of lesbianism among the senior secondary school girls by instituting programmes that sensitize them on the need to develop proper self-concept, the word of God and motivational talks can be appropriately used to encourage the development of moral concepts among the students, and self-concept enhancement programmes should be introduced in schools to enhance academic self-concept.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Denwigwe, C. P., Arop, L., Edward,A.N., Azubuko, A. H., Asuquo, P. N., Copyright (c) 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 21 2 115 122 10.4314/gjedr.v21i2.4 Principals’ management of financial and non-financial resources as correlates of institutional goal fulfilment in secondary schools in calabar metropolis https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr/article/view/230544 <p>This research examined the management of financial and non-financial resources by Calabar Metropolis’ public secondary school principals in relation to the fulfillment of institutional goals. Null hypotheses were developed based on the two specific objectives guiding the study. The study used the ex-post facto research design under the quantitative research framework. A census approach was adopted in enumerating all the 69 school managers (24 principals and 45 vice principals) in Calabar Metropolis, Nigeria. A validated questionnaire, with a reliability index of .90, was used for data collection. It was shown that there is a considerable association between the management of financial resources by school leaders and the fulfillment of institutional goals. A significant relationship was also established between principals’ management of non-financial resources (such as school libraries, school records and human resources) and the fulfillment of institutional goals in secondary schools. It is argued that to fulfil educational goals, financial and non-financial resources’ management in public secondary schools are critical. Policy and theoretical implications for successful educational management were discussed in light of this result.</p> Francisca Nonyelum Odigwe, Valentine Joseph Owan, Copyright (c) 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 21 2 123 134 10.4314/gjedr.v21i2.5 Abduction threat surviving skills in teacher education curriculum key to learners’ safety in school environment https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr/article/view/230545 <p>The study adopted survey design to determine <strong>MICHAEL OKPARA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE UMUDIKE and ALVAN IKOKU FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION OWERRI</strong> teacher educators’ perceptions on infusing abduction threat surviving skills on teacher education curriculum for students’ safety in school environment. Researchers’ made attitude questionnaire titled” Teachers-educator Questionnaire on Infusing Abduction Threat Surviving Skills in Teacher education curriculum” (TEQIAST) was used for data collection. It had reliability coefficient of 0.77, determined using Cronbach Alpha.&nbsp; The data collected was analyzed using mean and standard deviation in answering research questions while the hypothesis was tested using t-test statistical tool tested at 0.05 level of significance.&nbsp; The findings showed that teacher educators have positive perceptions on infusing abduction threat surviving skills in teacher education curriculum for students’ safety in school environment It was recommended among others that there is need to infuse abduction threat surviving skills in relevant courses in teacher education curriculum for safety of students in school environment. &nbsp;</p> Ofoegbu, Jude Uzodinma, Ekarika, Catherine Boniface, Anthony, Pius Effiom, Eke Ogbu Eke, Copyright (c) 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 21 2 135 142 10.4314/gjedr.v21i2.6 Teachers’ attitudes to work and effective teaching of english language in primary schools in akpabuyo local government area of cross river state, nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr/article/view/230546 <p>The study was carried out to examine the relationship between teachers’ attitudes to work and effective teaching of English Language in primary schools in Akpabuyo Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Variables as they affect teachers’ effective teaching of English Language were briefly surveyed to provide multidimensional explanation. The sub variables of teachers’ development attitudes to work considered in this study were teachers’ attitude towards grading and questioning techniques.&nbsp;&nbsp; The design adopted for the study was ex-post-facto.&nbsp; The population of the study comprised all the teachers in the 15 public primary schools in the study area.&nbsp; Purposive sampling technique was used to collect data and the sample size was one hundred and eight (180) teachers, 80 males and 100 females.&nbsp; The measuring instrument was a questionnaire which the researchers administered on 180 teachers drawn from six (6) public primary schools in the study area. Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis revealed that the teachers’ attitudes to work such as attitudes towards grading and questioning techniques correlate positively with effective teaching of English Language. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that government should ensure that more efficient and competent teachers are recruited to teach in the primary schools. Also teachers should change their attitudes towards grading system, they should stop scoring pupils “zero of something” no matter how bad the child’s work is.</p> Aniah, Solomon Agwanyang, Anashie, Annastasia Iwang, Offem, Odim Otu, Ushie, Grace Ikel, Copyright (c) 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 21 2 143 148 10.4314/gjedr.v21i2.7 Demographic factors and teachers’ effectiveness among secondary school teachers in calabar education zone cross river state, nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr/article/view/230547 <p>The article aims to discuss teaching effectiveness in relation to teacher demographic factors like teachers’ age and teachers’ gender among Secondary School teachers in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve this aim, two hypotheses were stated and tested. These variables have important role to evaluate teachers’ effectiveness as scholarly proven through literatures. The descriptive survey design was adopted for use. The sample consist of one hundred and sixty-four (164) teachers and three hundred and twenty-eight (328) student from the Calabar Education Zone. Teachers’ Demographic Factors Questionnaire (TDFQ) and Teaching Effectiveness Questionnaire (TEQ) were developed by the researcher and validated by experts in Sociology of Education and Test/Measurement. The descriptive statistics, one-way analysis of variance, a post-hoc scheffe &amp; independent t-test were used.</p> <p>The result revealed that teachers’ age and gender significantly influence teaching effectiveness. Based on the findings, it is recommended among others that Government should see teachers age as an asset thereby put in more resources to train them so that they will be of benefit to the students and the society at large.</p> Constance A. Dien, Kingsley B. Abang, Anthony N. Ngban, Copyright (c) 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 21 2 149 157 10.4314/gjedr.v21i2.8 Socio-demographic variables and utilization of ict among members of staff of university libraries in cross-river and akwa-ibom state nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr/article/view/231947 <p>This study investigated the influence of socio-demographic variables such as age, level of education, belief, and gender on the utilization of ICT among library staff in university libraries in Cross-River and Akwa-Ibom States, Nigeria. To carry out this study, three research objectives that were later translated to hypotheses were generated on the basis of age, gender, level of education, and belief, to guide the research. Literature relating to the variables selected were reviewed to cover both conceptual and empirical sources. The Ex-post facto research design was utilized for the study. A sample of 461 respondents was drawn from six university libraries using the purposive (census) sampling technique. A structured questionnaire titled, ‘Socio-demographic Variables and Utilization of Information and Communication Technology for Library services (SDVUICTLS)’ was used as the main instrument for data collection. The tool was subjected to face and content validation by experts in Test, Measurement and Evaluation Faculty of Education, University of Calabar. The reliability coefficient ranged from 0.75 to .88 and was established through Cronbach’s Alpha method. The hypotheses were tested at .05 alpha levels. The data analysis techniques used were One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and independent t-test. The results of data analyses revealed that age (F=8.195), level of education (F = 5.232), belief (F = 4.242), significantly influenced utilization of ICT by library staff in the university libraries, while there was no significant influence of gender t=.252) on the utilization of ICT by library staff for library services. Based on these findings, it was recommended that library management/ parent institutions should embark on aggressive training and retraining of staff especially those that are 40 years and above with special reference to utilization of ICT for provision of services in the libraries.&nbsp; The study equally recommended that Librarians should make personal effort to train themselves with or without the assistance of the management because this will make them to be more relevant and effective in delivering library services to the library users</p> Blessing Etukudo Ogunjimi Aniebiet Inyang Ntui Uduak Enang Undie Felicia Nkatv Copyright (c) 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 21 2 159 171 10.4314/gjedr.v21i2.9 A review of catholic men organisation (cmo) the history of st. Paul parish, university of calabar: my life as a catholic faithful, 2021 international father’s day celebration essay- writing competition results, 12th june, 2021 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr/article/view/231948 <p><strong>INTRODUCTION </strong></p> <p>The Catholic Men Organisation (CMO) is one of the four major organisations in the Church, the others being Catholic Women Organisation (CWO), Nigerian Federation of Catholic Students (NFCS) and Holy Childhood Association. The CMO is the pillar of the Church and as its motto, “Christ is our Leader” provides exemplary leadership in the Church. Members of the CMO are heads of their various families and understand the need to plan for every member of the family. Since 2006 when the first International father’s Day celebration took place in St Paul, children and students have played a key role. They have entertained the Parish with traditional dance displays, and had essay-writing competitions in 2007 and 2021. In addition, three undergraduate students enjoyed scholarship awards in 2021. Of course, the focus on students and children is not surprising since St. Paul is a predominantly student parish otherwise usually referred to as the Wisdom Parish.</p> Eno Grace Nta, Copyright (c) 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 21 2 173 174 10.4314/gjedr.v21i2.10 Availability and utilizationof instructional technologies in supervision in public secondary schools during coivid-19 era in cross river state, nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjedr/article/view/232087 <p>This study investigated the availability and utilization of&nbsp;instructional technologies in supervision in public secondary schools in&nbsp;Cross River&nbsp;State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, descriptive survey research design was adopted; a research question was raised and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The population of this study comprised the entire 279 respondents drawn through census approach from all the public secondary schools in Cross River State.Data collection was carried out with the use of researchers’ constructed instrument titled: Availability and Utilization of Instructional Technologies in School Supervision during COVID-19Pandemic Survey (AUITSSCOVID-19PS). The instrument was validated and reliability was established through Cronbach Alpha analysis which yielded .90 hence indicating high internal consistency in achieving the purpose of this study. In order to answer the research question, data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation while the hypotheses were tested with independent t-test statistical techniques. The results showed that the availability of instructional technologies used in school supervision is very low. It was also found that the extent of utilization of instructional technologies in school supervision is very low. Based on the findings and discussion, conclusions were made. It was therefore recommended among others that the government should ensure that adequate instructional technologies are provided and utilized in supervising secondary schools especially during this period of global COVID-19 pandemic.</p> Ategwu, P. O., Kenn-Aklah, F. U., Fanan, A. G., Uzoigwe, M. C., Copyright (c) 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 21 2 175 181 10.4314/gjedr.v21i2.11