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Socio-economic impact of biofuel feedstock production on local livelihoods in Ghana

E Acheampong
BB Campion


The production of liquid biofuels has become an issue of concern in many developing countries,
due mainly to the establishment of large-scale biofuel feedstock plantations. These plantations
present potential socio-economic benefits, particularly in terms of agricultural employment, as
well as risks. The spread of large-scale commercial production of biofuel crops in Ghana has
raised concerns from civil society organizations, local communities and other parties. This
paper draws on studies that have been conducted in Ghana to assess the socio-economic
impact of large-scale production of biofuel crops, especially Jatropha, on the livelihoods of
local communities and people in Ghana, focusing on land grabbing and alienation, impact on
food production and security, and impact on employment and income generation. Even though
the biofuel industry in Ghana is still in its early stages of development, the paper reveals that
commercial biofuel production impacts significantly on the livelihoods of local people.

Keywords: Biofuel feedstock plantations; Jatropha curcas; land grabbing; local livelihoods;

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2821-8892
print ISSN: 0855-9414