Exploring the Characteristics, Drivers and Control Strategies of Informal Settlements on Mkimbizi Hill in Iringa Municipality, Tanzania

  • Evarist Fundisha Department of Geography and Economics, Mkwawa University College of Education, University of Dares Salaam, Tanzania
Keywords: Characteristics, drivers,, informal, settlements, Iringa Municipality, Mkimbizi Hill, strategies


This study explored the characteristics, drivers, and control strategies of informal settlements on Mkimbizi
Hill in Iringa Municipality, Tanzania. The study employed a mixed research design whereby heads of
households were randomly selected while key informants were purposively sampled. Data were collected
through a questionnaire survey with heads of households, in-depth interviews with key informants, and field
observations. Quantitative data were analysed by statistical product and service solution software.
Qualitative data were organised into themes and involved content analysis. It was established that the study
area is occupied by individuals of different social and economic characteristics with informal land tenure,
limited access to social services, and are exposed to the risk of the collapse of buildings and rockfalls. The
study also found that informal settlements in the study area were caused by the lack of education on urban
settlements, proximity to essential social services, cheap plots, and poor settlement planning. Nonetheless, the
study showed that the strategies used to control informal settlements in the study area included intermittent
patrol, awareness creation on sustainable urban development, and settlements for economically weak
individuals. The study recommends proper land use planning for sustainable urban development by the


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2821-8892
print ISSN: 0855-9414