Ghana Journal of Geography https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg <p>The <strong><em>Ghana Journal of Geography (GJG)</em></strong> is published by the Department of Geography and Resource Development, University of Ghana. The Journal publishes the best of original research and scholarship in physical and human geography as well as research from other related disciplines working on issues of spatial relevance. It provides a forum for discussing new issues and ideas of relevance to the developing world.</p> en-US <span>The copyright belongs to the Department of Geography and Resource Development, and the Ghana Geographical Association.</span> jayaro@ug.edu.gh (Joseph A. Yaro) rayelazuno@gmail.com (Rosemary Ayelazuno Achentisa) Tue, 19 Apr 2022 18:27:37 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Covid-19 and orthodox healthcare facilities and professionals in Lagos State, Nigeria: Challenges and lessons for the future https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224140 <p><em>Coronavirus is a viral infection that has spread across the globe at an alarming rate. The cases were worsened by the limited epidemiological knowledge about the disease and initial lack of vaccination. This research assessed the scourge of COVID-19 in the context of Nigeria’s orthodox healthcare facilities and professionals, the challenges and lessons for the future using the International-Health-Regulations (IHR) Preparedness-framework. The assessment involved gauging the performance of selected indexes namely detect, report, respond, enabling-function, and operational-readiness of Lagos-State healthcare facilities. The IHR for State Party self-assessment annual reporting (IHR-SPAR) tool was adapted into a questionnaire via Google-form and the link generated was shared on the WhatsApp-platform of the healthcare-workers of randomly selected healthcare facilities in the three Senatorial-Districts of the State. 210 respondents were targeted for COVID-19 related information but only 157 responded. The data obtained were processed using Arithmetic-mean as suggested by the adopted methodology.&nbsp; Findings showed that Lagos-State has a level-3 capacity across the five-indexes which include detect-capacity (41.94%), report-capacity (45.41%), respond-capacity (45.77%), enabling-function (45.99%) and operational-readiness (44.78%). Findings also revealed that some of the challenges encountered in managing COVID-19 are perennial, thus, the research recommends that decision making during emergencies should be based on important demographics and that specific indicators require revamping to bring the needed improvement to the sector.</em></p> Amidu Owolabi Ayeni, Adeshina Gbenga Aborisade Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224140 Tue, 19 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Assessment of Quality of Household Solid Waste Collection by Private Service Providers in Bujumbura City https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224144 <p><em>Public provision of municipal solid waste collection services in developing countries is characterised by poor service delivery. This paper examines if privatisation has led to better quality of households’ waste collection services in Bujumbura city, Burundi. </em><em>The paper is based on 308 questionnaire survey of Bujumbura households’ living in </em><em>high, middle and low class residential facilities served by private service providers; coupled with interviews and document analysis. The quality of service is based on nine service quality indicators.</em> <em>About 28.8% of registered households for waste collection paid and serviced by private service providers. Waste collection is varied and mostly every two weeks, yet license stipulates once per week; whereas charges are varied and higher than the set rates. </em><em>Ordinal probit regression analysis shows that out of 9 service quality indicators, </em><em>6</em><em> are significant at household level and 5 on the residential class. Households’ living in high class residential expresses greater satisfaction with quality of service than those who live in middle and low class residential. The paper recommends regular monitoring and supervision of solid waste collection by private service providers for quality services delivery to households in Bujumbura city.</em></p> Blandine Akimana, Sammy Letema Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224144 Tue, 19 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Career aspirations and influencing factors among male and female students studying Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) subjects in Ghana https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224146 <p><em>This paper examines the career aspirations of male and female students studying Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) subjects at the tertiary level in Ghana and the motivating factors for these aspirations. The study objectives were addressed using data gathered from a survey, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. Chi-square test and binary logistic regression were used in analysing the quantitative data, while the qualitative data were analysed using thematic content analysis. The results show that there is no significant difference in the career aspirations of male and female students. However, we established that there are differences in the factors that influence career choices of male and female students. While economic consideration was a significant factor for males’ interest in pursuing a career in STEM, females were influenced by external motivation factors such as encouragement and motivation from role models. The authors recommend both formal and informal science-related mentorship programmes and internships as measures that could encourage females to actualise their career aspirations in STEM since it is an essential way of empowering them and building their capacities for national development.</em></p> Charlotte Wrigley-Asante, Charles Godfred Ackah , Louis Kusi Frimpong Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224146 Tue, 19 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Maintenance of rural water supply facilities in the Builsa North District of the Upper East Region of Ghana https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224148 <p><em>In Ghana, the sustainability of rural water supply facilities has been a recurring national issue. Therefore, this study examined the maintenance structures, as they exist for the effective management of water supply facilities in the Builsa North District. The study was descriptive, non-interventional and applied the mixed method approach to collect data from 138 water users who were randomly selected from hand pump communities. The study found that the management architecture of the water supply systems of the district hinged on the District Water and Sanitation Teams (DWSTs), Water and Sanitation (WATSAN) committees, area mechanics and pumped spare-parts dealers. The significant constraints to pump maintenance were inadequate logistics, finance, and remuneration of DWST, poor financial mobilisation, financial embezzlement, and high attrition among WATSAN committee members. Additionally, poor transport support for area mechanics, bad access routes, and scarcity of spare parts were also significant constraints to the maintenance architecture. The study recommends government and donor/agency to provide requisite financial and logistical support to the DWSTs, WATSAN committees and area mechanics and provision of spare parts at affordable prices.</em></p> Henry Achum Adeenze-Kangah Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224148 Tue, 19 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Patterns of interethnic marriage in Ghana: 2000 – 2010 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224149 <p><em>Patterns of assortative mating are informative because they reflect the strength of social boundaries across groups. Ethnic homogamy is particularly important as it provides a useful measure of social cohesion in multi-ethnic societies. This paper investigates the patterns of interethnic marriage in Ghana using the census data of the 2000 and 2010 censuses. Ethnic homogamy is strong in Ghana with 12.3% of the sample being married to a spouse of a different ethnicity. The likelihood of being in an interethnic marriage varies widely by demographic characteristics. Younger people are significantly more likely to intermarry suggesting that ethnic boundaries tend to become more open over time. Educational attainment significantly increases the propensity for intermarriage supporting the hypothesis that education offers opportunities to join more ethnically diverse networks. Intermarriage is more prevalent in urban areas likely due to the greater ethnic diversity of urban populations. Ethnic minorities tend to intermarry more, which is consistent with the theory that smaller groups face greater marriage market constraints. </em></p> Pearl Kyei Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224149 Tue, 19 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Sexual behaviour and contraceptive uptake among female adolescents (15-19 years): A cross-sectional study in Sagnarigu Municipality, Ghana https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224150 <p><em>There are reports of low utilization of contraception among adolescent females in developing countries. However, research on sexual behaviour and contraceptive uptake among female adolescents is scare in the Sagnarigu Municipality although the Municipality has a very high youthful population. The objective of the study was to assess the sexual behaviour and contraceptive uptake among adolescent females in Sagnarigu Municipality, Northern Region, Ghana. A cross-sectional study was adopted where 165 adolescent females (15-19 years) were randomly selected. The main tools for data collection were semi-structured questionnaires. For the data analysis, proportions of response variables were generated using statistical product and service solutions, version 24.0. The study revealed that among those who reported having sex in the past 12 months before the survey, over two-thirds of the participants have used at least one method of contraception. The results also showed that injectable was the leading form of contraception among both past and current users of contraceptive methods. Additionally, most of the respondents obtained their contraceptive methods from health facilities. We also established that avoidance of pregnancies was the main reason for using contraception. However, cultural beliefs, religion, fear of side effects were the reasons for non-use of contraceptives. The study further revealed that early initiation of sex among the participants was common. Nevertheless, some of the participants did not use contraceptives during sexual intercourse. The study recommended effective education on the types and uses of contraceptives among adolescents in the municipality.</em></p> Shamsu-Deen Ziblim, Sufyan Bakuri Suara, Mukaila Adam Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224150 Tue, 19 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Occupational safety and health hazards associated with the slaughtering and meat processing industry in urban areas of Zimbabwe: A case study of the Gweru city Municipal Abattoir https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224139 <p><em>This study examined occupational safety and health hazards associated with the slaughtering and meat processing industry in the Gweru City Municipal abattoir in Zimbabwe. Qualitative and quantitative research designs were employed. The study population involved all the 23 workers including flayers and labourers who are directly involved in slaughtering and meat processing. Data was collected with questionnaire administration, interviews and field observations. Safety and health hazards associated with slaughtering and meat processing at the abattoir included physical, biological, ergonomic, mechanical, environmental and food safety hazards, all with the risk of causing significant harm to the workers. The lack of experience on job operations was one of the key risk factors increasing the likelihood of workers getting injured and increased frequency of injuries. Workers who had more working years at the abattoir encountered injuries less frequently than those who had fewer working years. The abattoir’s occupational safety and health management system was not effective in solving safety and health risks and required improvement. One effective way that can be implemented is to establish a stand-alone safety, health and environment department within the Gweru City Council to give priority to occupational safety and health issues. Training programmes for workers and management on safety and health are recommended to improve workers’ skills on job tasks, hazard identification, and risk assessment and to improve workers’ behaviour as well as to enhance awareness on safety and health among management, which ultimately improves management commitments.&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> Steven Jerie, Kennedy Matunhira Copyright (c) 2022 Ghana Journal of Geography https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224139 Tue, 19 Apr 2022 18:25:00 +0000 An analysis of the level of vehicular emission in Kaduna Metropolis https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224138 <p><em>Vehicular emissions are one of the major sources of air pollution in urban centres due to the use of petrol and diesel fuels. This study analysed the level of vehicular emissions in Kaduna Metropolis. A longitudinal research design was used. Data were acquired on the Road Network of Kaduna Metropolis, level of concentration of gases, Statistics of the motor vehicles movement at each sampling point, type of vehicle, make, age and the fuel used. Copies of the relevant questionnaire were distributed at </em><em>eleven established sampling points (parks). </em><em>Gaseous elements examined included</em><em> Carbon Monoxide (CO), Volatile Organic Compound (VOC), Nitric Oxide (NO<sub>2</sub>), Hydrogen Sulphite (H<sub>2</sub>S) and Sulphur Dioxide (SO<sub>2</sub>)</em><em>. The concentration of </em><em>CO exceeded the </em><em>accepted safe limits especially at morning peak periods. Toyota Liteace was the most used commercial vehicle; 74% of these vehicles are propelled by petrol fuel. Not less than 91% of drivers of such vehicles suffer from illnesses due to the polluted air at least once a month. Regular maintenance of commercial vehicles and awareness campaigns are suggested as measures to mitigate vehicular emissions. </em><em>Government should establish a </em><em>reliable and efficient mass transit system to reduce the number of individual vehicles and motorcycles on roads thus, reducing harmful emissions. </em></p> Samaila Alhassan Sati, Aderemi Johnson Dare Copyright (c) 2022 Ghana Journal of Geography https://www.ajol.info/index.php/gjg/article/view/224138 Tue, 19 Apr 2022 18:25:35 +0000