On the evolution of the Kazaure Schist Belt of NW Nigeria: a re-interpretation

  • U.A Danbatta
Keywords: Evolution, Ensialic, Back-arc basin, Pan-African, Eburnean.

Abstract

All previous models of evolution of the Kazaure Schist Belt (KZSB) invoked a simple ensialic mechanism in the context of Pan-African deformation which led to the formation of a marginal back-arc basin floored by continental materials that accepted sediments. The closure of these basins in Pan-African times led to the deformation and metamorphism of the sediment and reactivation of older sediments. Taking into account the presence of Banded Iron Formations (BIFs), metavolcanics and the Kalangai-Zungeru-Ifewara (KZI) fault in the belt, a new model of its evolution is proposed. The new model of evolution of the KZSB considers the evolution of the belt by invoking a simple ensialic mechanism under extensional and compressional regimes, in the context of both Eburnean and Pan-African deformations, as well as Pan-African intrusion of calc-alkaline granites and volcanics. It is effective in explaining the occurrence of BIF, quartzites, conglomerates, and Pan-African granitoids in the belt; and emphasizes the presence of the KZI fault in the evolution of the Kazaure belt. The study led to the conclusion that the belt has formed through ensialic processes, and an evaluation of previous data suggested in previous works is consistent with the new view that the KZSB may represent remnants of Paleoproterozoic cover rocks infolded within an Archaean migmatite-gneiss complex during an Eburnean event, and become reactivated during the Neoproterozoic Pan-African event.

KEY WORDS: Evolution, Ensialic, Back-arc basin, Pan-African, Eburnean.

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eISSN: 1596-6798