The total cholesterol and body mass index of 50 dysmenorrheic females and a control group of 50 non-dysmenorrheic females, aged between 18-35 years were estimated. The mean serum total cholesterol of dysmenorrheic females was 5.10± 0.80mmol/L and 3.70±0.40mmol/L for the non-dysmenorrheic females. The mean body mass index of the dysmenorrheic females was 23.80±4.80 and 22.50±1.90 for the control group. The mean serum total cholesterol concentration of the dysmenorrheic females was significantly higher (P<0.05) than that of the non-dysmenorrheic cohort. There was however no significant difference (P>0.05) in the body mass index of these two groups. The results of this study suggest that elevated cholesterol level may be a predisposing factor to dysmenorrhea in menstruating females.
KEY WORDS: Body mass index, cholesterol, Dysmenorrhea
Global Jnl Medical Sciences Vol.2(2) 2003: 153-155