Technical and allocative efficiencies of small-scale cassava growers in five selected local government areas of Cross River State.

  • S. O. ABANG
  • EKPE EKPENI
  • W. W. USANI
Keywords: Technical, Allocative, Productivity, efficiency.

Abstract



In this paper, the single equation estimation technique using the ordinary least square (OLS) multiple approach was used to estimate the relationship between farm size and such factors as Capital, Labour and Education of Small Scale Cassava growers in five Local Government Areas of Cross River State. In addition, technical and allocative efficiencies as well as resource elasticities were estimated based on the results of the specified production functions.

The R2 (which is the explanatory power) for the production was .71. For the estimated marginal value product functions, the R2 ranged from .29 to .40. Two of the explanatory variables in the production function, land and labour were significant at the 95% confidence level. The results of the marginal value products functions indicated an inverse relationship between productivity and farm size while technical and allocative efficiencies for land, show that the relatively smaller farm sizes were more efficient. Resource elasticities were also found to be inelastic implying that strategies aimed at decreasing resource prices to improve productivity of cassava growers would have minimal effect.

Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences Volume , No 1 January (2001) pp. 37-42

KEY WORDS:

Technical, Allocative, Productivity, efficiency.
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Articles

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eISSN: 1118-0579