Carbon intensity of the energy sector for Togo in 2012
Togo, a least developed country, is ambitious to emerge by 2030 and the energy parameter remains indispensable with concerns as a source of emission of greenhouse gases. This study analyzed carbon intensity in the energy sector in Togo in 2012 in order to provide decision-makers, producers, distributors and final consumers with reliable data to achieve the objective of low carbon development in compliance with Togo's commitment in its Nationally Determined Planned Contributions (CPDN). In line with the IPCC 2006 methodologies, greenhouse gas emissions in 2012 in Togo are estimated at 1856.202 Gg for carbon dioxide (CO2), 15.352 Gg for methane (CH4) and 0.2431 Gg For nitrous oxide (N2O), i.e. a total of 2253,955 Gg CO2equivalent(Gg CO2-eq) of direct GHGs. Indirect GHGs are emitted at 558.525Gg, 7.942Gg, 34.252Gg and 2.563Gg respectively for carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) and sulfur dioxide (SO2). The carbon intensity linked to the Energy sector in Togo amounts to 1,797x10-9 Gg CO2-eq / GDP, at a time when the standard of living was $ US 319.222 per Capita. Road transport, with 1368 Gg of CO2 emissions accounting for 55.4% of total direct GHG emissions, is the first key source. With an uncertainty of about ± 23.887% on the overall estimate and a relative difference of 12.37% between the CO2 estimates by the sectoral and reference methods, the inventory is coherent as a whole.
Keywords: Green House Gas (GHG), Carbon Intensity, Energy, GDP.