The Study Of Deactivation And Regeneration Of A Fluid Cracking Zeolite Catalysts
AbstractThe catalytic activities of modified and unmodified sodium Y-Zeolites catalysts was investigated. Modification by framework dealumination and gallium oxide incorporation led to an increase in catalytic activity. The catalytic activities of both parent and the modified samples were reduced in a time dependent manner due to coke deposition. Incorporation of gallium oxide altered the reaction pathways of C8 intermediates from n-butane reactions, thus
producing more aromatic products. However, Ga2O3 in excess of 1% resulted in a large decrease of catalytic activity due to loss in Bronsted acidity. As Bronsted sites are removed, direct protonation of the alkane became difficult and catalytic activity was lowered at high Ga2O3 loading. The oxygen adsorption isotherms of the various coked catalysts showed that the deactivation process involved blockage of the zeolite pore sites by the deposited coke. Interestingly, regeneration of the coked sample was seen to completely restore the catalytic activity of both samples.