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Behavioural and olfactory responses of <i>Sitophilus zeamais</i> (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to <i>Aframomum melegueta</i> and <i>Zingiber officinale</i> oleoresins.

D.A Ukeh
S Umoetok
I.A Udo
K Abdullah


The oleoresins extracted from the seeds of alligator pepper, Aframomum melegueta and ginger, Zingiber officinale rhizome using methanol, was evaluated for bioactivity against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais in the laboratory. Using a 4-arm olfactometer, solutions of the oleoresins at a concentration of 1 mg/ml exhibited significant olfactory repellent activity against male and female S. zeamais when tested alone, and in combination with maize seeds. These findings provide a scientific basis for the observed repellent properties of the oleoresins and demonstrate the need for their development in stored product pest protection in Africa where these plants are readily available.

KEYWORDS: Oleoresin, Aframomum melegueta, Zingiber officinale, Sitophilus zeamais, Olfactometer.