Global Journal of Social Sciences 2020-10-30T14:27:58+00:00 Prof Barth N Ekueme Open Journal Systems <p><em>Global Journal of Social Sciences</em> is aimed at promoting research in all areas of Sociology, Anthropology, Management Sciences, Geography, Regional Planning etc.</p><p>Visit the Global Journal Series website here: <a title="" href="" target="_blank"></a></p><p> </p> The implications of oil theft on social and economic development in the Niger Delta 2020-03-27T07:48:31+00:00 Titilayo Soremi <p>The emergence of the exploration of crude oil in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria, has awarded the region worldwide renown as the economic&nbsp; backbone of the country, but also as a conflict flashpoint. Drawing from the propositions of the resource curse theory, the paper identifies Nigeria’s&nbsp; rentier state structure as the underlining cause linked to the citing of conflict and corruption, as the reasons for the occurrence of oil theft in the Niger Delta. Also, the Dutch disease is identified as an economic explanation of the resource curse theory, and this is used to identify the economic&nbsp; implications of oil theft in the Niger Delta at the national level. In addition, the rentier state structure is used to identify the social implications of the occurrence of oil theft at the local level in the Niger Delta region. The paper posits that economic implications include reduced revenue, increased&nbsp; unemployment, and diversification of the economy. The social implications also include sustained conflict, curbed social development, and&nbsp; displacement of persons. To combat the illegal practice of oil theft, it is recommended that transparency and accountability should be adhered to in the relations among government, oil-producing communities and multinational corporations.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Niger Delta, oil theft, resource curse, sustainable development, security and conflict </p> 2020-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) The influence of media on political knowledge amongst undergraduate students in Ibadan, Nigeria 2020-03-27T09:14:31+00:00 Olaniru Oluwatosin Olatunji s. Olusoji Ayandele Olusola Olugbenga A. Popoola <p>Knowledge about politics and government activities increases due to the socialization and enlightenment functions of the mass&nbsp; media. Youths and students are the largest bloc of voters in Nigeria but seemingly least political informed. This study examines the frequency of the forms of media accessed and level of political knowledge among Nigerian students. It also assessed the relationships between political knowledge and access to&nbsp; radio, television, newspaper, and social media. Moreover, it investigated the predictive influence of the frequency of media access on Nigerian&nbsp; students’ political knowledge. The study adopted Uses and Gratification Theory (UGT) to explain how media is used to the advantage of people. Using cross-sectional survey research design, a structured questionnaire was used to collect information on students’ demographic, frequency of&nbsp; media access and knowledge of Nigerian politics from 246 randomly selected students of the Polytechnic, Ibadan (Mean age is 25.07 years, SD = 6.23). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Findings identified social media as the most frequently use media,&nbsp; followed by radio, television and newspaper.31% of the respondents had very high political knowledge while 3% had no political knowledge. Access to radio is the only significant correlate (r = 0.42, p&lt;0.05) and independent predictor (β= 0.43, t=-3.98, p&lt;0.05) of political knowledge although access&nbsp; to radio, television, newspaper and social media are significant joint predictors of political knowledge (R2= .18, F (4, 241) = 4.32). Therefore, the study concludes that radio is the foremost source of political knowledge amongst undergraduate students in Ibadan, Nigeria. It recommends that various&nbsp; media institutions and political analysts should take advantage of the social media to make more audience politically knowledgeable.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Political knowledge; Mass media; Social media;&nbsp; Traditional media; Nigerian students.</p> 2020-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Relationship between cash transfer programmes and school outcomes in Africa and Latin America: A systematic review 2020-03-27T08:18:06+00:00 Jane Temidayo Oladayo Nathaniel Awojobi <p>Poverty is popularly believed to be a hindrance to schooling for children from poor households. To overcome this obstacle, cash transfers have been&nbsp; used to support and promote their access to education. This review assesses the effect of some cash transfers programmes in Africa and Latin America on children’s educational outcomes. A systematic search for relevant studies was conducted online through google scholar. Inclusion&nbsp; criteria were met by ten studies- 5 in Africa and 5 in Latin America. Eight studies used a quantitative approach, while two adopted a mixed-methods&nbsp; technique. The included studies used different study designs, and their outcomes showed that both Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs) and Unconditional Cash Transfers (UCTs) have positive effects on school outcomes. Some results showed strong evidence, others showed weak evidence&nbsp; while others showed limited evidence. Cash transfer programmes offer disadvantaged children the opportunity for schooling. However, the impact of these programmes varies because of their implementation designs.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Cash transfers, Children, Poverty, School </p> 2020-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Government project failure in developing countries: A review with particular reference to Nigeria 2020-06-11T13:43:31+00:00 King Matthew Eja Manu Ramegowda <p>Governments and organizations, especially governments in developing countries, have witnessed project failures in their project implementation, although there might be some differences in the causes, effects and consequences of such failures among governments. This study aimed at investigating the causes, effects and consequences of project failures in developing countries with particular reference to Nigeria, through literature review. Information on project failures in Africa, Asia and little in Europe were sourced through journals, books and newspapers. It was apparent that project failure is very frequent in developing countries and in particular, Nigeria, with several causes, effects and consequences. Some&nbsp; of the causes established were poor financial capacity; inaccurate costing and corruption; incompetence and lack of knowledge; poor planning and estimation; poor communication; poor contracting and contractor practices; frequent design scope changes and errors; socio-cultural and political interference; poor leadership and corruption. The effects of project failure were found to be loss of revenue to the state; project cost overruns; loss of revenue by citizens;&nbsp; substandard infrastructure and low empowerment to community. The resultant consequences were slow&nbsp; economic growth; sector-centric underdevelopment; loss of foreign aid/grants; tougher donor regulations; loss&nbsp; of elections to incumbent leadership and lack of confidence in state from financial institutions. It is recommended that Nigerian government should overhaul its policy architecture to mitigating the causes of project failure, and in particular, stemming down corruption.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Government projects, project failure, poor implementation, corrupt practices, inadequate planning</p> 2020-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) COVID-2019 – lessons to learn in Africa (Short Communication) A critical review on the potential effect of COVID-2019 on Africa and lessons to be learnt 2020-03-30T09:48:13+00:00 Victor Williams <p>No abstract.</p> 2020-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Engaging media advocacy on self-littering of the environment in Nigeria 2020-10-30T14:21:49+00:00 Idamah Patrick Akpoghiran <p>Self-littering of the environment has become habit among many Nigerians. People on daily basis littered the environment with all kinds of wastes,&nbsp; and this has affected the aesthetic beauty of the environment.. The study examines media advocacy on self-littering of the environment. The main<br>objective of the study was to determine how media advocacy can help to discourage self-littering of the environment. Questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. A total of 384 respondents were sampled in Benin City, Edo state, Nigeria on the subject matter. The results showed that media advocacy can help to discourage self-littering with the adoption of various communication channels. Inhabitants’ are aware that they littered the environment with dirt but change in behaviour is needed. Consistent media advocacy can bring about that needed change to stop self-littering of the environment.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Environment; Habit; Littering; Media advocacy; Self-Littering </p> 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 United Nations Security Council and denuclearization of North Korea: Interrogating the imperative for freeze-for-freeze option 2020-10-30T14:21:03+00:00 A. Itumo F.C. Nnaji H.N. Nwobashi <p>The continued nuclear enrichment by North Korea despite several sanctions from the United Nations Security Council has continued to attract mixed reactions from scholars, security experts, policy makers and strategic thinkers. The issue has generated serious controversy which has&nbsp; become a critical subject of concern that dominates debates in many international and local discourses since the recent time. In most of these fora relevant stakeholders have proposed solutions for the denuclearization of North Korea in view of its implications for both regional stability and global security. This paper interrogates the import and feasibility of the freeze-for-freeze option proposed by Russia and China for the denuclearization of North Korea. Data for the study were sourced from secondary sources, specifically from published journal articles, official gazettes from relevant government agencies and institutions. The theoretical framework that anchors the study is the theory of Collective Security&nbsp; while content analytical technique is employed for data analysis. A critical analysis of data revealed among others, that; North Korea’s nuclear armament has thrown up tension in the Korea peninsula which poses a grave threat to South East Asian stability, global peace and security. This is&nbsp; further exacerbated by frequent joint military drills between the United States and South Korea close to North Korean border. The study also discovered that the use of sanctions has failed to disempower North Korea from becoming a nuclear power hence the argument for the adoption of Freeze-for-Freeze option. The study recommended amongst others that the United Nations Security Council members should cooperate and adopt&nbsp; a nonmilitary option towards North Korea’s denuclearization in order to save the world from a nuclear war. Furthermore, the US should reconsider a cessation of her joint military drills with South Korea in exchange for a full disarmament of all North Korean nuclear weapons and associated&nbsp; facilities. In all, the paper recommended for an internationally supervised peace treaty between North and South Korea that pledges mutual non-aggression and restoration of full diplomatic relations.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>:&nbsp; Nuclear Weapons, Proliferation, Sanctions, Freeze-for-Freeze, Denuclearization </p> 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Trade Union amendment act 2005 and the entrenchment of industrial democracy in the Nigeria Public Service: An x-ray of the political undercurrent 2020-10-30T14:27:58+00:00 Eghoikhunu Stella Ughulu Eunice Ijeaku Nwokike <p>The Federal Government of Nigeria in 2005 amended some sections of the Trade Union Act referred to as “The Principal Act” 1996 to form the new Trade Union (Amendment) Act 2005. The main objective of the new Act was the entrenchment of democracy in Nigeria public service by giving workers the freedom to choose which union to belong and opportunity to form more central union organizations, thereby encouraging industrial democracy. It is on this note that this study examined the political underlying motive in enacting the new Act in relation to industrial democracy in Nigeria Public Service, the weaknesses and strength of the Act were examined. The study relied on the secondary method of data collection. The study concluded that the enactment of the Trade Union (Amendment) Act 2005 was politically motivated to give the government the much-needed space to implement certain policies and decisions that are comfortable for the government. The study then recommended that the government<br>should embark on nation-wide consultation with stakeholders to develop valid amendments in Trade Union Acts for the betterment of all and not for the exploitation of the masses.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Trade Union Amendment Act, industrial democracy and Public service. </p> 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c)