Predictors of subjective well-being among older Ghanaians

  • BNI Calys-Tagoe
  • SA Hewlett
  • P Dako-Gyeke
  • AE Yawson
  • NA Bad-Doo
  • NAH Seneadza
  • G Mensah
  • N Minicuci
  • N Naidoo
  • S Chatterji
  • P Kowal
  • RB Biritwum
Keywords: Subjective well-being, Life satisfaction, Older Ghanaians, SAGE study, Predictors


Background: Later years of life are accompanied by many physical, emotional and environmental changes which may impact on the well-being of the individual. Many factors are known to influence the subjective
well-being of older adults, but most, if not all of this information was the result of studies in the Western world. This study aimed at obtaining and documenting the predictors of subjective well-being (SWB) among older Ghanaians.
Methods: Data for the study was obtained from the WHO SAGE study. The single item measure of life satisfaction was used to determine subjective wellbeing. Descriptive statistics as well as logistic regression analysis were carried out to determine the predictors of SWB.
Results: A total of 4724 individuals aged 50 years and above responded to the questionnaires. Of these 50.4% were males. Following multivariate logistic regression analysis, age, sex, educational level, income and ethnic
background were found to significantly affect the SWB of older Ghanaians. Being male was associated with higher level of SWB (OR=1.68; CI: 1.39 – 2.03). For those 50 years and above, being younger (50-59 years) was also associated with a high level of SWB (OR=17.72; CI: 10.13-30.98). Earning a low income and having low educational level were both associated
with low levels of SWB (OR=0.304; CI: 0.22-0.42; and OR=0.47; CI: 0.37-0.60 respectively). Ewes (p=0.027), Grumas (p=0.002) and  Mole-Dagbons (p=0.04) had significantly higher SWB compared to the other ethnic groups.
Conclusion: Among older Ghanaians, factors that positively influence SWB are younger age, male sex, high educational level and high income.

Keywords: Subjective well-being, Life satisfaction, Older Ghanaians, SAGE study, Predictors


Journal Identifiers

print ISSN: 0016-9560