Ghana Medical Journal

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Inferior vena cava injury: survival of a rare case

Isaac Okyere, Joseph Yorke, Eseenam A. Agbeko, Paa K. Forson, Joseph Bonney


The inferior vena cava is the most commonly injured abdominal vessel and accounts for about 25% of abdominal vascular injuries. Despite improved preoperative care and operative techniques, the mortality rates for the inferior vena cava injuries are still high due to delayed presentation, inadequate or delayed fluid resuscitation, difficulty of diagnosis and technical problems in repair. A case of the inferior vena cava injury encountered after abdominal stab
injury with about 4cm vertical tear of infrarenal vena cava, survived due to immediate transportation, appropriate and successful perioperative fluid and blood resuscitation, prompt surgical management with a team approach and critical post-operative surgical management.

Keywords: The inferior vena cava (IVC), stab wound, venorrhaphy, haemoperitoneum
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