A Comparison Of Anthropometric Measures (Body Mass Index) And Serum Lipids (Cholesterol And Triglycerides) In Normotensive And Hypertensive Type 2 Diabetics
AbstractAims: A study was undertaken at the Jos University Teaching Hospital,to determine the effect of hypertension on the lipids of type 2 diabetics.
Methods: Consecutive sex-marched and closely age-marched normotensive and hypertensive diabetics had their lipids and BMI compared.
Results: Sixty-two pairs of patients were evaluated; 37.1% of the hypertensive diabetics had high fasting serum triglycerides compared to 24.2% of normotensive diabetics. 46.8% of normotensive diabetics had high fasting serum total cholesterol compared to 38.7% of hypertensive diabetics. Overall, more hypertensive diabetics had lipid disorder than normotensive diabetics. Hypertensive diabetics had a statistically significantly higher BMI than the normotensive diabetic patients.
Conclusion: From the study, hypertension seems to increase the presence of lipid abnormality in diabetics. Increased BMI and hypertriglyceridaemia in hypertensive diabetics may suggest the presence of the metabolic syndrome (Syndrome X) in the hypertensive diabetics.
Key words: Body mass index, Serum Lipid Hypertension
Highland Medical Research Journal Vol. 3 (1) 2005: 1-6