Pattern Of Seminal Fluid Indices Among Infertile Male Partners Attending The Infertility Clinic Of University Of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri Nigeria
AbstractObjective: To determine the pattern of seminal fluid indices among infertile male partners attending University of Maiduguri teaching hospital infertility clinic.
Method: Two hundred consecutive male partners between January- December 2003 were recruited for the study.Duration of marriage without evidence of conception were between 2-6 years.Seminal fluid were collected and analysed.
Results: The mean age of the males was 35.5 +7.4 years, males within the age-group 30-39 years(51.0%) and 40-49 years(21.0%) constituted the highest cases of infertility and bacteriospermia.About 108(54.0%) were normospermic, 52(26.0%) were oligospermic and 40(20.0%) azoospermic.Staphylococcus aureus(62.5%) was the most commonest bacteria isolated followed by Klebsiella spp(28.2%) and Candida spp 3.1%).Comparing the seminal fluid analysis of bacteriospermia and nonbacteriospermia, there was reduction in the volume and motility.
Conclusion: The study revealed that male infertility remains a problem in this environment. The high incidence of asymatomatic bacteriospermia among the male partners and the consequential effect on the seminal fluid indices constituted major factors in male infertility evaluation. Therefore, standardized seminal fluid procedures/analysis is recommended for proper evaluation of male infertility and periodic data analysis of seminal fluid indices at different location would assist in better understanding and peculiarity of the situation.
Key words: seminal fluid, male infertility, bacterial infection
Highland Medical Research Journal Vol. 3 (1) 2005: 18-23