Normative and Islamic theology on the enforcement of COVID-19 health protocol in Indonesia

  • Anis Farida
  • Priyo Handoko


This study aims to analyse the pros and cons of imposing penalties or fines in law enforcement regulations for violating health protocols in  Indonesia. Some people consider that the norm of the fine sanctions in statutory provisions regulating health protocol violators is unconstitutional,  but others say it is constitutional. As a country with the largest Muslim population in the world, a study of the perspective of Islamic law is essential.  This article uses a normative legal research methodology using two main approaches: the statutory and conceptual approaches. The results show  that fines are found in the criminal law clusters and state administrative law. Penalties in state administrative law in their enforcement do not  require intervention from other institutions. Still, they can be carried out directly by government officials whose authority has been determined in  the laws and regulations. Meanwhile, from the Islamic perspective, the fine sanctions can be applied, in the context of hifz Al-Insan, in Maslahah  Mursalah as part of the maqasid al-Syari’ah. The obligation to obey government regulations is part of a person’s obedience to God’s commands. 

Contribution: This study’s findings can support the government in enforcing the law to combat the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019  (COVID-19) in Indonesia and other countries because, constitutionally, the law is legal. Then, the legality of fines for violators of the COVID-19 health  protocol, from an Islamic perspective, does not contradict maqasid alshari’ah. So, there should be no doubts for Muslims to obey these  regulations.  


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2072-8050
print ISSN: 0259-9422