Acaricidal activities of extracts of Commiphora swynnertonii Burtt (Burseraceae), Melia volkensii Gürke, Turraea abyssinica Hochst., Turraea floribunda Hochst and Turraea cornucopia Styles & F. White (Meliaceae) against the brown ear tick Rhipicephalus ap

  • B Kaoneka
  • M Mollel
Keywords: acaricidal, activity, plant extracts, Burseraceae, Meliaceae, Rhipicephalus appendicullatus.

Abstract

Acaricidal activities of extracts of Commiphora swynnertonii Burtt  (Burseraceae), Melia volkensii Gürke, Turraea abyssinica Hochst., Turraea floribunda Hochst and Turraea cornucopia Styles & F. White (Meliaceae) against the brown ear tick Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neumann

 

Extracts of the stem bark of Commiphora swynnertonii, the root bark of
Turraea abyssinica, T. cornucopia, T. floribunda and the ripened fruits of Melia volkensii were tested for acaricidal activities against nymphal and adult stages of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus in the laboratory. At a concentration of 10% (w/v), hexane and ethyl acetate extracts of C. swynertonii induced mean mortalities of 71% and 54% respectively, in two week old nymphs. A 10% (w/v) hexane extract was found to be as effective as the commercial acaricide Triatix against the twoweek- old nymphs. Extracts of T. cornucopia, T. abyssinica and M. volkensii induced no mortality in nymphs and adults, but suppressed oviposition capacity during the first day. On the other hand, 500µl of 10% (w/v) methanol extracts of T. cornucopia and T. floribunda delayed attachment by adult females of R. appendiculatus on the rabbit ears, engorgement and hatchability of their eggs.

Keywords: acaricidal, activity, plant extracts, Burseraceae, Meliaceae,
Rhipicephalus appendicullatus.

Published
2014-12-12
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 0856-6739