Correlates of whatsapp dependence and usage patterns among undergraduate students of University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

  • Oluyinka Titilope Afolayan


Due to the popularity and wide acceptability of WhatsApp among students in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) globally and in Nigeria; most students have adopted this tool for varying reasons, and perhaps to meet their social and psychological needs. In view of this, this study investigated correlates of WhatsApp dependence, usage patterns and challenges faced by students in the University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. A survey design approach was adopted using a structured and validated questionnaire to elicit responses from the respondents. Random sampling technique as employed in the selection of Five out of Fifteen Faculties in the University of Ilorin using the balloting method. 70 students were selected from each of the five Faculties using purposive sampling technique making a total of 350 students as the sample size of this study Findings revealed that students demonstrated varying levels of dependence on WhatsApp varying from slight, moderate and excessiveness. Reasons for the adoption of WhatsApp varied from simple to use, userfriendliness, easy accessibility, and communication with friends and family members among others. Again, in terms of usage patterns, students mostly use WhatsApp on daily basis. However, students face challenges in the use of WhatsApp such as information anxiety and overload, distraction, loss of concentration, and long duration on the App among others. In conclusion, recommendations were made to improve the adoption of WhatsApp and to curtail excessiveness in its usage among students and the public at large.


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eISSN: 1597-4316