Information Technologist (The) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict <p><em>The Information Technologist</em> deals mainly with the publication of the results of empirical research in the field of library information science, communcation and information technology as they affect developing countries.</p><p>This journal has been positively evaluated in the Scientific Journal Impact Factor Journal List Evaluation Process with a score of 3.362.</p> en-US The Association of Information Professionals of Nigeria evamadu@yahoo.co.uk (Dr Everest C Madu) evamadu@yahoo.co.uk (Dr Everest C Madu) Tue, 06 Jul 2021 15:23:46 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Editorial https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210084 <p>No Abstract.</p> Evarest C. Madu Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210084 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Technological determinism: New media applications and adaptations within traditional media in Ghana https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210089 <p>Globally, the emergence of digital media was anticipated to pose enormous threat to traditional media‟s existence and survival. This was due to the ease of entry of gatekeepers. However, to ensure their continued relevance and survival, traditional media harnessed the potential of digital media by converging their services into a hybrid system. By using qualitative design, this study analyses the strategic brand positioning of selected traditional media in Ghana. Findings show that the hybrid system has increased their audience base, increased their news dissemination and improved their audience-credibility rating. It concludes by calling for a malleable approach to media management.</p> <p><strong>Key Words</strong>: Hybrid, Media, System; Media; Technological, Determinism; Traditional, media.</p> Caroline Aboagye Da-Costa, Fausta Kilian Ganaa, Ephraim Nana Apeakoran Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210089 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Transition and transformation of libraries from manual to digital: The case of Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210090 <p>Transition and transformation of libraries from Manual to digital are aspect of fourth industrial revolution world-wide. The industrial&nbsp; revolution and library practices and services are more or less the migration from Manual to the 21st century library practices and service&nbsp; provision with special reference to Nigeria. Libraries in Nigeria exist on the basis of types and ownership i.e public, national, academic, special and school libraries as well as the digital library. The paper highlighted the issues of transformation from Manual to digital form of information service delivery through the use of computers and other Information and Communication Technology (ICT) facilities. Efforts made to transform Manual library practices to digital form include: digitization, retrospective conversion, use of online public access&nbsp; catalogue, establishment of institutional digital repository, electronic method of securing library collections and online reference services. Strategies for full transition and transformation of Manual to digital librarianship include: timely review of curriculum of library schools to cater for the reality of the 21st century and globalization; continuing professional development of librarians to withstand the complexities and challenges to modern library practices and services and evaluation of ICT policy implementation by the regulatory bodies. Challenges posed for Nigerian libraries and ICT cente rs include: inadequate and irregular funding; improper monitoring and evaluation of ICT policy implementation by policy planners; irregular and efficient electricity power supply, low ICT skills of library staff thus serve as obstacle to productivity or output. The conclusion was that despite these efforts, majority of libraries in Nigeria still provide traditional mode of services. The paper recommended that the management of institutions and organizations (whether government or private) should commit adequate funds for the procurement of ICT facilities, provide alternative power supply, organize timely training programme;&nbsp; formulate, develop and monitor the extent of implementation of ICT policies in various libraries and information technology centres.<br><br></p> Katamba Abubakar Saka, Abdulganiy Okanla Ahmed, Philip Usman Akor Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210090 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Library schools and integration of a technology-driven curriculum: An investigative study https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210094 <p>This study investigated the perceptions of LIS educators on the integration of a technology-driven curriculum in library schools.&nbsp; Specifically, the study sets out to determine the extent of ICT integration in courses offered in the LIS schools; ascertain the LIS educators‟ perceptions of a technology-driven curriculum; identify ICT facilities and equipment available in LIS schools; determine new emerging trends in ICT that needs integration in LIS curriculum; and identify the challenges of ICT integration in LIS curriculum. The study sample consisted of thirty-five (35) LIS educators in four (4) library schools in Kwara state namely- University of Ilorin; Kwara State University; Al-Hikmah University; and Islamic Institute of Legal Studies. To gather data needed to achieve the objectives of the study, the quantitative approach (close-ended questionnaire) and the qualitative approach (structured interview schedule) were adopted. Tables were used for data presentation and data analysis was done using the descriptive statistical method (simple percentage and frequency count).The findings of the study revealed that relevant ICT courses and components have been incorporated to varying degrees in the curriculum of the sampled library schools. More so, the LIS educators were overwhelmingly in support of the integration of emerging ICT trends like big data analytics, internet of things, virtual reality etc into the curriculum. This made the development of a national policy on ICT&nbsp; implementation in library schools and the re-designing of the LIS curriculum in a bid to accommodate relevant emerging ICT trends to be major recommendations of the study.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Abdulmumin Isah, Abdulsalam Abiodun Salma, Adekunle Daniel Adekeye Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210094 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of accreditation exercises on the provision of information and infrastructural resources in University Libraries in south east Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210095 <p>The study investigated the Impact of Accreditation Exercises on the provision of Quality Information and Infrastructural Resources in University Libraries in South East Nigeria. The study employed survey and ex-post facto research design involving the use of observational checklist and interview for data collection. Two research questions were posed, while two hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance to guide the study. The population of the study consisted of 196 librarians from ten universities in the South East Zone of Nigeria. Hence a census of the population was used while data were collated and analyzed using frequency counts and proportion. The hypotheses were tested using t-test of proportion at 0.05 level of significance. Major findings of the study included among others; that accreditation exercises had positive impact on information and infrastructural resources. It was recommended that though there were increase in the provision of these resources in the university libraries, there is need for continues provision of quality, adequate and current textbooks, journals, computers, internet facilities, seats and general upkeep of the university libraries. This is especially important this time that the number of students (undergraduate and postgraduate) has continued to increase.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Ijeoma Nneamaka Ezebuiro Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210095 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Awareness, attitude and impact of COVID 19 on librarians in academic libraries in Nasarawa State Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210098 <p>This study was carried out on awareness, attitude and impact of COVID-19 on Librarians in Academic Libraries in Nasarawa State Nigeria. Three research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Descriptive research design was used, the population of the study&nbsp; consisted of 40 library personnel, spread across the six academic libraries in Nasarawa State Nigeria. The instrument used for data collection was a researcher designed questionnaire. Data generated was analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard&nbsp; deviation while the hypotheses were tested using Linear Regression. The results of the study revealed that there is a high level of&nbsp; awareness of COVID19 among librarians in academic libraries in Nasarawa State; Librarians in academic libraries in Nasarawa State&nbsp; develop positive attitude towards COVID-19; COVID-19 has impact on the food, social economic status, peace and security, health and human rights of librarians in academic libraries in Nasarawa State Nigeria. It was recommended that; there should be more awareness of COVID-19 to librarians, Librarians should sustain their positive attitudes towards COVID-19 and academic libraries without sanitizers and running water should be sealed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Philip ChikeChukwunonso Aghadiuno, Ngozi C. Uzoagba, Nnamdi Emmanuel Onyekweodiri Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210098 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Laissez -faire leadership style on job performance of subordinates in academic libraries in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210099 <p>The paper investigated the effect of laissez-faire leadership style on subordinates’ job performance in academic libraries in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. The research design adopted for the study was a survey. The study population comprised of all the 74 professional and para-professional staff working in the academic libraries studied. The total population was used as sample size since the population was small. Data collection was through research questionnaire instrument titled “Laissez-Faire Leadership Style on Job Performance of Subordinates in Academic Libraries (LLSJPSAL)” consisting of five (5) item statements. Analysis was done using frequency counts and means scores. Findings of the study revealed that: laissez-faire leadership style has negative impact on subordinates’ job performance because it results in lowest employees’ productivity. Based on the above findings, it was recommended that academic library managers should be supervised and closely monitored by the institutions’ management to ensure that laissez-faire ones among them are checked. It is further recommended that laissez-faire kind of leadership can be used by heads of academic libraries in some units of the library like the technical section where creativity is highly encouraged.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nonyelum P. Okpokwasili, Dolly C. Kalu Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210099 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Impacts of environmental pollutants on school library resources in Ohaji/Egbema Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210101 <p>The study investigated the impacts of environmental pollutants on school library resources in Ohaji/Egbema Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria. Four research questions and two hypotheses were posed to guide the study. Survey research design method was used to conduct the study. Data were obtained through the administration of the questionnaire.. The population of the study was 3,476 with a sample size of 359. Data collected, were organized on the tables using descriptive statistics while hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) and Z test. The result of the findings showed that environmental pollutants produced by gas flare fire were responsible in damaging school library resources. Gums and glues used in binding books dry up and pages disengaged. High temperature is responsible in discoloration of books, and cracking plastic materials. Acid rain damage metals and corrode iron materials such as building corrugated iron. Palliative measures were proffered as remedies that school libraries should be built far away from crude oil operational areas among others. Air conditioners should be installed in all the school libraries to avert high temperature from defacing library printed information resources.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Cajethan Anumkua, Humphery Igwechi Wiche, Emmanuel Okwu, Innocent Chima Mmejim Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210101 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Level of awareness and adoption of UNESCO conservation guidelines preservation practices by the University Library staff in south eastern Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210103 <p>United Nations Educational, Scientific and cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2000 designed guidelines for carrying out conservation practices to ensure that significant library materials, published and unpublished, in all formats, will be conserved in accessible form. These guidelines are expected to be used by the library staff for preservation practices. Therefore, this study was carried out to determine the extent of awareness and adoption of the UNESCO conservation guidelines, preservation practices among the library staff. in the South –Eastern Nigerian Universities. Two research questions guided this study while one (1) hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study design adopted for this study was Survey research design with target area on university library staff in south east Nigeria. The population of the study consisted 623 university library staff excluding private universities The method of simple random sampling without replacement (SRSWOR) scheme was used to select independent samples of 300 university library staff (about 48% of library staff). The use of the SRSWOR procedure ensured that the sample is a random sample and a good representation of the entire population. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire, which was subjected to a reliability test using the cronbach alpha statistics which gave an alpha value of α=0.81. The study found that the extent of awareness of the UNESCO conservation guideline preservation practices by the university library staff in south east universities and the extent of adoption of preservation practices in the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines by university library staff in South-East Nigeria was below average. It was however recommended that the University&nbsp; Management should conduct workshops, seminars and conferences for university library staff on the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines preservation practices to enable them acquire more and balanced knowledge needed in using the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines. The university should provide an enabling environment to help the university library staff work effectively and use the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines in their preservation practices. There should be adequate funding of conferences and seminars by the government for staff improvement.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ngozi Chima-James Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210103 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Awareness and use of Open Access (OA) Publishing Platforms by Faculty members of Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210105 <p>The study examined awareness and use of open access publishing platforms by faculty members of Imo State University, Owerri (IMSU), Nigeria. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. Findings of the study revealed acceptable level of awareness and usage of open access publishing platforms by faculty members of Imo State University, Owerri; possession of skills and knowledge of access and usage of open access platforms; factors facilitate the use of open access platforms by the faculty members; confidence and willingness amongst&nbsp; faculty members in using open access platforms; reasons for failure to use open access platform by lecturer of the university.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Cajetan Okechukwu Onyeneke Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210105 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The librarians’ perceptions of awareness, availability and accessibility of information resources and the control of COVID-19 pandemic https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210108 <p>This paper determined the level of perception of the effect of information resources awareness, availability and accessibility on the control of covd-19 pandemic among Librarians in Nigeria. A survey research design was employed through convenience sampling technique with a questionnaire as the instrument. The target population is the Librarians in the tertiary institutions. The online questionnaire was sent through an individual e-mail address.188 valid responses were observed after three months.The research questions were answered&nbsp; descriptively while an inferential statistic through regression analysis was used to test the null hypothesis.Findings revealed that the Librarians’ perception of awareness, availability and accessibility of information resources had a significant effect oncovd-19 pandemic control at F(3, 187) =88.371, P &lt;.001, R. 59. Further, the standardized coefficient result revealed that awareness, had a significant effect on covd-19 pandemic control with β=277, t=4.720 at p≤ .001, availability had a significant effect on covd-19 pandemic control with β-116, t=2.249, p≤.005 while accessibility to information resources had the highest significant effect on covd-19 pandemic control with β-.848, t-14.226. p≤0001. The results agreed with the descriptive analyses which indicate that awareness, availability and accessibility had a high effect on covd-19 pandemic control with a combined high effect. Awareness, availability and accessibility of information resources” is vital for librarians' job performance, especially during a disaster such as the covd-19 pandemic. This is the area previous studies in the context have not considered, that is the novelty of this study.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Augustine Uzoma Madu, Anthonia Peace Joel, Peter Yohana Mshelia Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210108 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Dubois and Prade’s gradual element approach in an Information Retrieval Scheme https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210110 <p>Information Retrieval (IR) schemes involve the need for users to formulate their information need via a query. Many times, due to&nbsp; ambiguity in human languages and representation, these queries have been largely imprecise thereby leading to the retrieval of many irrelevant information. Several mathematical approaches have been used in the concept of IR scheme. The Dubois and Prade’s version of the Gradual Element Approach is considered as an alternative to earlier mathematical IR models. The aim is to present the understanding of the suitability of the use of gradual element approach in an Information Retrieval schemes.The researchers sourced for data from Text<br>Retrieval Conference (TREC). TREC is one of the standard information retrieval (IR) collections and TREC collections are the benchmark dataset used by most information retrieval (IR) and Web search algorithms. It has several tracks, each of which consists of dataset to test for a specific task. </p> A.O. Enikuomehin, Rebecca Temitope Oladeyi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210110 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Disaster management practices in University Libraries in south –east, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210111 <p>This study investigated disaster management practices in University Libraries in South-East, Nigeria. Having known that the University&nbsp; Libraries play a dynamic role in the transmission of information to the information seekers in the University in support of teaching,&nbsp; learning and research, there is a greater need to safeguard and sustain its collections and facilities against any form of disaster. This Study therefore adopted survey research design, with a population of two hundred and ninety- five (295) Librarians and Library Officers which&nbsp; was restricted to only Federal Universities in South – East, Nigeria. Questionnaire was used as an instrument for the study while descriptive and inferential statistics were also used for data analysis. The study identified types of disaster prevalent at those institutions, it further&nbsp; highlighted preventive measures and challenges incurred so far, and then recommendations were made in reference to the research&nbsp; questions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Rosemary Chinenye Abanum, Ifeyinwa blessing Okoye, Nkechinyere Ezinne Ezenwa, Emmanuela Chibure Anyakwo Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210111 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Leadership style mostly adopted by Academic Libraries in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210112 <p>The study focused on leadership style and Subordinates’ Job Performance in Academic Libraries in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. The purpose that guided the study was to find out the leadership style mostly adopted in academic libraries under study. The research design&nbsp; adopted for the study was a survey design while the 74 professional and para-professional staff working in the libraries studied were the respondents. Data collection was through questionnaire instrument titled Leadership Style Mostly Adopted in Academic Libraries&nbsp; (LSMAAL). Research question was answered using frequency and percentages. Null hypothesis was tested using Chi-Square statistics.<br>Findings of the study revealed that democratic leadership style is mostly adopted in academic libraries studied and this style of leadership results in high employees’ productivity. The null hypothesis that leadership style of academic libraries does not significantly affect subordinate job performance was rejected. Some of the recommendations made by the researchers were that leaders should be encouraged to adopt democratic leadership style since it yields highest result in job performance of subordinates in the academic libraries. Leaders should try as much as possible to maintain cordial relationships with their subordinates. This type of management style in the<br>academic will create a favourable work environment that will serve as a platform for library staff to put in their best and be resourceful.<br>&nbsp;</p> Dolly C. Kalu, Nonyelum P. Okpokwasili Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210112 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Skills on students’ utilization of library resources and services in Tertiary Institutions in Owerri, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210113 <p>The study examined influence of information literacy skills on utilization of library resources and services by students of tertiary institution in Owerri, Imo State. The population of the study comprised of ten thousand, eight hundred and eighteen (10,818) registered students of&nbsp; the institutions surveyed. The sample of the study 2,162 was derived using proportionate sampling technique. The instrument used for data collection was structured questionnaire. The reliability index of the instrument was found to be 0.81 using Pearson Product Moment Correlation coefficient. Data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, the results showed that students in tertiary possess high level of information literacy skills and the students’ level of information literacy skills influences their use of print resources, audio-visual resources, electronic information resources and library services.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Obiageli F. Mbajiorgu, Ifunanya Virginia Ubochi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210113 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Perceived usefulness and ease of use of OPAC among undergraduates in selected Universities in Kwara State https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210114 <p>The purpose of this study is to investigate the perceived usefulness and ease of use of Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) among&nbsp; undergraduates in Kwara state, Nigeria. The study specifically examined the perception of undergraduate students in University of Ilorin&nbsp; and Kwara State University about OPAC; ascertain the frequency of use of OPAC by undergraduate students in University of Ilorin and Kwara State University; investigate the perceived usefulness of OPAC among the undergraduate students in University of Ilorin and Kwara State University; examine the perceived ease of use of OPAC among the undergraduate students in University of Ilorin and Kwara State University; and identify challenges that undergraduate students in University of Ilorin and Kwara State University encountered while using OPAC. The research adopted survey method and employed stratified sampling technique to select 504 undergraduates as its sample from&nbsp; the population consisting of undergraduate students of University of Ilorin and Kwara state University. A self designed questionnaire&nbsp; tagged as “Questionnaire on Perceived Usefulness and Perceived Ease of Use of OPAC among Undergraduate Student”. Out of 504 copies of the questionnaire administered, 493 copies were returned and properly filled to give 97.8% return rate. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency and counts percentages while t-test and Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to test the hypotheses. The study revealed that there is a great relationship between perceived ease of use and the use of OPAC. Furthermore, the<br>study found that there is a significant difference in the perception of male and female undergraduate students in University of Ilorin and Kwara State University about the OPAC.The studyconcluded that undergraduate students had positive perception about the usefulness and ease of use of OPAC while lack of assistance from library staff; unstable power supply; poor internet facility and inadequate computer terminals designated for the use of OPAC are the major challenges that undergraduate students in University of Ilorin and Kwara State University encountered while using OPAC.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Abdulmumin Isah, Abdulsalam Abiodun Salma, Kudirat Olawumi Salami Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ict/article/view/210114 Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000