Alexithymia, Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as Predictors of Cynicism among Internally Displaced Persons (IDPS) in Benue State, Nigeria

  • Olukayode AyoOluwa Afolabi
  • Uba Donald Dennis
Keywords: alexithymia, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, cynicism, internally displaced persons

Abstract

This study examined alexithymia, depression and PTSD as predictors of cynicism among IDPs in refugee camps in Makurdi, Benue State. The study made use of primary source of data. A cross-sectional survey design was adopted for this study. Measures used were; Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), Becks Depression Inventory (BDI), Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and Cynicism Scale (CS). The result showed alexithymia (β =0.20; t = 3.95, p < 0.05) and PTSD (β = 0.47; t =9.57, p < 0.01) significantly predicted cynicism while, depression (β = -0.1; t = -.19, p < 0.01) did not predict cynicism. Implications of the study portend improvements in policy formation. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that psycho-education for the IDPs is essential to prepare them for life after prolonged displacement. Engaging more IDPs across different camps located within the six geo-political zones in Nigeria should be considered in future research.

Keywords: alexithymia, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, cynicism, internally displaced persons

Published
2020-12-07
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1117-1421