Effect of Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy (REBT) On Federal Teachers’ Attitudes Towards Retirement
The research work was an experimental study, which investigated the effects of Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy (REBT) on Federal teachers’ attitude towards retirement in Lagos State, Nigeria. Two hundred teachers from two Federal Government owned secondary schools in Lagos State were pre-tested using the “Attitude Towards Retirement Inventory” (ATRI) developed by the researcher. One hundred and twenty-five respondents scored negatively (i.e below 100 points) on the ATRI. Out of this number, only ninety-five returned the “Workers Consent Form” (WCF). Fifty out of the 95 consenters were randomly selected to participate in the experiment. The 50 participants were then randomly assigned to two groups of 25 each; REBT (Group A) and the Control Group (Group B). At the end of the treatment which lasted for five weeks, the participants were post-tested using ATRI. Data collected were analysed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) as the post-hoc test. The results revealed that REBT was effective in changing the attitude towards retirement of federal teachers in Lagos State from negative to positive. The results also showed that gender and length of service have no influence on the treatment package of REBT on the participants.
Keywords: REBT, Federal Teachers, Attitude and Retirement