The Influence of Motivation on Employees’ Performance: A Study of Some Selected Firms in Anambra State
The study investigates the influence of Extrinsic and Intrinsic motivation on employees’ performance of selected manufacturing firms in Anambra State. 63 respondents selected from 21 manufacturing firms across the three senatorial zones of Anambra State were sampled (3 from each firm). The populations of the study were 100 workers of selected manufacturing firms in Anambra State. The study used descriptive statistics (frequencies, mean, and percentages) to answer the three research questions posed for the study. The Pearson Product moment Correlation Coefficient was used to test the three hypotheses that guided the study. The result obtained from the analysis showed that there existed relationship between extrinsic motivation and the performance of employees while no relationship existed between intrinsic motivation and employees’ performance. The study reveals extrinsic motivation given to workers in an organization has a significant influence on the workers performance. This is in line with equity theory which emphasizes that fairness in the remuneration package tends to produce higher performance from workers. The researcher recommended that all firms should adopt extrinsic rewards in their various firms to increase productivity. On the bases of these findings, employers are continually challenged to develop pay policies and procedures that will enable them to attract, motivate, retain and satisfy their employees. I therefore, suggest that more research should be conducted on the relationship and influence of rewards on workers performance using many private and public organizations which will be a handy tool that could be used to provide solutions to individual conflict that has resulted from poor reward system.
Key words: Extrinsic, Intrinsic Motivation, Employee Performance, Remuneration, Staff Training, Money.