Rural-urban migration and effects on agricultural labour supply in Imo State, Nigeria
AbstractThis study analyzed the effects of rural-urban migration on agricultural labour supply in Imo State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected from labourers who converge at specific locations in the three urban centres of Owerri, Orlu and Okigwe. Also agricultural labourers from six communities chosen from the three agricultural zones supplied data, giving a total sample size of 210 respondents that were interviewed using structured and validated questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, 3-point likert scale, multiple regression analysis and present value of net benefits model. Results show that the major determinants of unskilled urban labour supply were urban labour wage rate, household out migration and level of education, while the three major determinants of agricultural labour supply were farm income, farm size and household size. The study recommends the setting up of rural based industries and the provision of basic infrastructure and amenities in the rural areas in order to retain the rural labour supply.
Keywords: rural-urban migration, agricultural labour supply, Imo State, Nigeria
International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development Vol. 6 2005: 111-118