International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development

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Challenges in the implementation of integrated pest management: the need for enabling structures and strategies in developing countries

Catherine N Munyua


Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is proposed as an alternative to conventional pest management practices to rein in the rising use of pesticides in agricultural production. However, the implementation of IPM is plagued by a range of challenges. Attempts in implementing IPM practices have involved dealing with issues closely linked to policy, social and psychological factors, extension methods, and information and knowledge systems. Enabling policies on pest management strategies are consistently proving to be vital prerequisites in promoting the use of IPM. The willingness of governments to support alternative pest management is considered crucial. Social and psychological factors predispose new technologies and practices to resistance by farmers and IPM practices are no exception. The nature of IPM implementation involves participation requiring a paradigm shift in extension methods and strategies. Challenges in IPM implementation have indications of the importance of collaborative effort among all the stakeholders in agricultural development in educating farmers and facilitating the needed change. A conceptual framework is given with suggestions on enabling factors for farmer-led development and implementation of IPM.

Keywords: integrated pest management, strategies, developing countries

International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development Vol. 6 2005: 142-150
AJOL African Journals Online