Conflict management strategies for effective performance of agricultural extension: A case of Ife - Modakeke Saga in Osun State, Nigeria
AbstractCommunity conflicts are becoming regular feature of social life in many developing countries since the 1960(s). This study proposes for the inclusion of conflict resolution strategies in agricultural extension programs as farmers and farm lands are the most affected. It also examines the various conflict survival strategies employed by the small-scale farmers and the roles of extension agents in coping with the consequences of conflict, a case of Modakeke of Ife-East local government area of Osun State, Nigeria. Purposive sampling was used to select the area of study. Data were analyzed with frequency, percentage and chi-square. The study revealed the different types of agricultural activities the farmers engage in as coping strategies for sustainable livelihood. Majority (80%) of the small-scale farmers relocated to other areas during the conflict, 76 percent employed prudent finance management while 64 percent cultivated new crops as part of their survival strategies. There is significant relationship between the selected personal characteristics of the respondents and survival strategies (Sex X2 =10.987; P= 0.004, education X2 = 11.161; P= 0.004 and farming experience X2 =15.054; P= 0.008). Also, there is significant relationship between the role of extension and survival strategies. All the extension agents interviewed were of the opinion that conflict resolution management strategies should be included in agricultural extension package for efficient and sustainable agricultural and rural development.
International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development Vol. 7(1) 2006: 143-151