A review on the pharmacology and phytochemistry of folklore medicinal plant Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit
Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. (Bush mint) belongs to the family Lamiaceae and commonly known as ‘wilayati tulsi’ in India. It is an invasive weed famous for its insecticidal property. Traditionally it is used for the treatment of respiratory tract infections, infection of uterus and skin diseases. Phytochemicals like steroids, alkaloids, phenolics, flavonoids, tannins, glycosides and essential oil isolated from the plant has medicinal and pharmaceutical importance. Extensive literature survey was made to identify the established research works on this magnificent plant and compiled it in a nutshell. The present review article is mainly focused on pharmacological and other important aspects of H. suaveolens.
Key-words: Hyptis suaveolens, essential oil, leaves, extract, phytochemicals