Assessment of the haematological indices of albino rats fed diets supplemented with jackfruit bulb, seed or a blend of bulb and seed

  • Margaret Akpana Agiang
  • Bright Sunday Dongo
  • Ima Okon Williams
  • Ashang Bonny Utu-Baku
Keywords: Haematology, jackfruit, bulb, seed, supplementation.

Abstract

Haematological indices of albino rats fed diets supplemented with jackfruit seed (S), bulb (B) or seedbulb blend (SB) were assessed. Diets were compounded to include 10%, 30%, and 50% of the seed (S10/90, S30/70, S50/50), bulb (B10/90,  B30/70, B50/50), and seed-bulb blend (SB10/90, SB30/70, SB50/50). Sixty male albino rats, divided into 10 groups of six rats each, were used. Group 1 (control) was fed rat chow only; groups 2-10 were fed the experimental diets. After 28 days of feeding, the animals were sacrificed and whole blood collected for full blood counts. The results, compared to the control (p<0.05), showed that supplementation  exceeding S30/70 and B10/90 or SB10/90 showed significant (p<0.05) loss of body weight. Total WBC, lymphocyte and eosinophil counts were significantly (p<0.05) increased in the experimental groups. Hb was reduced in group B10/90 but RBC, Hb and PCV increased in B10/90 and SB10/90. The same trend was observed in MCV of groups B10/90 and B50/50. Platelet counts in the experimental groups were significantly similar to the control though lower in S30/70, B50/50 and SB50/50. Overall, data from this study suggest that diet supplementation with 10% jackfruit bulb or the seed-bulb blend is likely to provide some antianaemic benefits and enhance the immune system.

Keywords: Haematology, jackfruit, bulb, seed, supplementation.
Published
2017-05-29
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1997-342X
print ISSN: 1991-8631