Assessing population perception and socioeconomic impact related to flood episodes in urban Côte d’Ivoire
Urban flooding causes serious socioeconomic damages to cities worldwide. However, due to the lack of adequate sanitation and housing infrastructures, populations in developing countries are the most affected. This study sought to assess the population perception of the main issues around flooding, and the socioeconomic impact of flood-related damage in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. Direct field observations, meteorological data analysis, a survey of land features and household interviews were therefore conducted. Poor design and mismanagement of drainage systems were seen as the primary causes of flooding, while the two main consequences reported were the displacement of affected populations and material damage. Residents seem to be aware of the causes and the potential consequences of flooding; however, they are lacking adequate prevention strategies and effective mechanisms of coping with the damage inflicted. For a more efficient flood management system, collaboration between authorities and affected populations is highly encouraged.
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Keywords: Developing country, drainage system, geographical survey, risk perception, urban flooding