Bioactive proanthocyanidins from the root bark of Cassia abbreviata
Cassia abbreviata is an important medicinal plant used in the treatment of various infectious diseases. The ethnomedical efficacy of extracts of this plant species is attributed to its phytochemical constituents most of which are phenolics and anthraquinones. The aim of this study was to isolate and elucidate bioactive phenolic compounds from the root bark of this species. Consequently, two novel trimmeric proanthocyanidins; 3,7,4'-trihydroxyflavan-(4β→8)-3,5,7,4'-tetrahydroxyflavan-(3'→6)-3,5,7,2',4'- pentahydroxyflavan (cassinidin A) and 3,7,2',4'-tetrahydroxyflavan-(4α→8)-3,5,7,4'-tetrahydroxyflavan-(4α→6)-3,5,7,2',4'-pentahydroxyflavan (cassinidin B) were isolated from the root bark of Cassia abbreviata. The chemical structures were determined using NMR, MS and HRMS spectroscopic data. The cassinidin A and B showed higher to moderate antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida mycoderma.
Keywords: Medicinal plant, Cassia abbreviata, Caesalpinioideae, root bark, Cassinidin A, Cassinidin B, antimicrobial
Submission of a paper for publication implies the transfer of the copyright from the author(s) to the publisher upon acceptance. International Formulae Group is therefore the copyright holder after publication of an article in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, and published articles should not be used for commercial purpose without the written consent of the Editor-in-Chief. They are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.