Extraction and characterization of chitin and chitosan from Nigerian shrimps
Chitin was synthesized from Nigerian brown shrimps by a chemical process involving demineralization and deproteinisation. Deacetylation of the chitin was conducted to obtain Chitosan. The chitin and chitosan were characterized using FTIR, XRD and SEM. Proximate and elemental analysis were also conducted. The percentage yield of chitin was 8.9%. The degree of deacetylation of chitin was found to be 50.64% which was a low value compared to previous works and can be attributed to the low alkali concentration and heating time. XRD patterns indicated that chitin was more crystalline than the corresponding chitosan. FTIR spectra indicated the presence of functional groups associated with different bands, the intensities and stretching established that the samples are chitin and chitosan. SEM analysis also indicated morphological differences between the chitin and chitosan.
Keywords: Deacetylation, biodegradable, characterization, deproteinisation, demineralization
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