International Journal of Community Research <p><em>International Journal of Community Research</em> (IJCR) [ISSN: 2315 – 6562; E-ISSN: 2384 - 6828] is a peer reviewed journal publication of Anthonio Research Center. IJCR publishes research articles, review articles, short reports and commentaries that are community-based or inter and intra-cultural based. IJCR also accepts manuscripts on family/human relationship, human behavior, public health, politics, and conflict resolution.</p><p>Other websites related to this journal: <a title="" href="" target="_blank"></a></p> en-US <em>International Journal of Community Research </em>is an Open Access Journal under Creative Commons Licensing regulations. Thus, all articles published in IJBAIR are categorised as CC-BY licensed. Inquiries above should be sent to the publisher at the address given as follows: <strong>Anthonio Research Publications, Anthonio Research Center, Anthonio Services Nigeria, P. O. Box. 960, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria. </strong>OR<strong> </strong>E-mail: <a href=""></a> (Nwaopara Anthony Obioma (Dr)) (MR. Chidiebere Eloka [BMLS, MMLSCN]) Tue, 22 Nov 2016 10:21:44 +0000 OJS 60 Effect of aqueous extract of alligator pepper (<i>Zingiberacea aframomum melegueta</i>) on litter size of alloxan induced diabetic Sprague Dawley rats <p>This study was done to find out if aqueous extract of alligator pepper can prevent the development of fetal macrosomia in type 1 diabetic pregnant rats. Eighteen female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly allocated into three groups A, B and C (n=6 each).Type 1 diabetes mellitus was induced in the rats in groups B and C. Seventeen female rats, which met the criteria for inclusion, were mated with 17 male rats in separate cages. Thereafter, the pregnant female rats were placed in separate maternity cages and fed with growers mash and water ad <em>libitum</em>. On day 4 of gestation, the rats in groups A and B were given an intra-peritoneal injection of 13.3ml/Kg body weight of distilled water, while the rats in group C were given an intra-peritoneal injection of 13.3mg/Kg body weight of aqueous extract of alligator pepper. There was a non-significant increase in the weight of litters from non-treated diabetic rats in group B (p &gt; 0.05) and a significant decrease in the weight of litters of treated diabetic pregnant rats in group C (p &lt; 0.05). It was concluded that alligator pepper significantly reduces litter size in pregnant Sprague Dawley rats with type 1 diabetic mellitus.</p><p><br /><strong>Key words</strong>: Effect, Alligator Pepper, Litter Size, Type 1<em> Diabetes Mellitus,</em> Sprague Dawley Rats</p> E. Ehiagwina, U. Inegbenebor Copyright (c) Influence of dimensional incentives on voters’ turnout in 2014 and 2015 gubernatorial elections in Southwestern, Nigeria <p>Incentives in exchange for votes during elections have become a culture in Nigeria. Past studies emphasized on monetary incentives while no known studies have been carried out on the new dimension of incentives to influence voters' turnout adopted in 2014 and 2015 gubernatorial elections in Nigeria. This paper attempts to uncover what is behind people’s voting behaviour in gubernatorial elections (2014 and 2015) in Southwestern, Nigeria using questionnaire administered to 1266 respondents and 76 respondents were interviewed. Results showed that parties' candidates distributed customized goods (69.3%), credit cards and branded goods collected in kangaroo ceremonies and social media (58.2%) to entice voters. Financial aids were given to rural women prior and during elections by traditional institutions and security agents. The paper concludes that candidates and collaborators who used any forms of incentives to entice voters or influence the outcome of elections deserve prosecution.</p><p><strong>Key words</strong>: Incentives, Dimensional, Voters' turnout, Gubernatorial elections, Southwestern</p> G.F. Adeleke Copyright (c) Tue, 22 Nov 2016 00:00:00 +0000 Prevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen sero-positivity and Hepatitis C virus among voluntary blood donors in Abia State University Teaching Hospital Aba, Nigeria <p>Hepatitis B and C viruses are among the common infectious diseases of the world and constitute a major global health burden. Consequent upon their mode of transmission, thorough screening of blood has become absolutely necessary, making quick provision of safe blood rather difficult. This study aims at determining the sero-prevalence of hepatitis B and C viruses among voluntary blood donors in our centre. This was a hospital-based cross sectional study and was carried out at the blood bank of the teaching hospital, Aba, from June 2013 and December 2014. Five hundred and thirty consecutively recruited voluntary blood donors were screened for hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infections. Hepatitis B virus infection was screened using hepatitis B surface antigen by ELISA, while hepatitis C virus infection was screened using anti-HCV antibodies by ELISA. The biodata of the donors were obtained. The prevalence of hepatitis infection among the blood donors was 51 (9.6%). HBsAg and ant-HCV were reactive in 7.26% and 1.5% of the study population respectively while co-infection was recorded in 0.74% of the donors. In conclusion, this study confirmed the presence of viral hepatitides among voluntary blood donors and these infections can be transmitted through blood in Aba, Nigeria.</p><p><strong>Key words</strong>: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, blood donors, Aba, Nigeria.</p> Kenneth O. Ngwogu, Ada C. Ngwogu Copyright (c) Tue, 22 Nov 2016 00:00:00 +0000