https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/issue/feed International Journal of Educational Research 2022-02-01T14:28:41+00:00 Dr. Ikechukwu Nwadinigwe drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com Open Journal Systems <p class="Default"><strong>International Journal of Educational Research (IJER) </strong>is the official Journal of the Department of Educational Foundations, University of Lagos, Lagos-Nigeria. The Journal publishes articles concerned with research theory and practice or programme application in the field of Education and the Behavioural Sciences.</p> <p>IJER website: <a href="http://www.ijeredufoundations.com.ng">www.ijeredufoundations.com.ng</a></p> https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220672 Factors influencing clients’ disposition to self-disclosure during counselling session among junior secondary school students in Aniocha Local Government Area, Anambra State, Nigeria 2022-01-31T16:50:24+00:00 Ijeoma M. Obibuba drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>This study empirically analyzes the factors influencing clients‟ disposition to self-disclosure during counselling sessions among junior secondaIry school students in Nigeria. The population of the study were male and female of 8 selected Junior Secondary Schools in Anaocha LGA of Anambra State, the study selected a sample size of 400 respondents as a representative of the study population, and the study used a purposive sampling technique to randomly select the respondents of this study. Descriptive statistics and correlation analysis (MANOVA) were used to analyze the data. The study found a significant relationship among outcomes expectations variables, emotional openness and attitudes towards self-disclosure during counseling sessions among the students. This study concludes that the outcomes expectations variables such as stigma tolerance, anticipated risk, social stigma, anticipated utility, perceived social support and emotional openness have negatively influenced students‟ attitudes towards self-disclosure during counseling sessions. Therefore, this study recommends that government should put forward several Multicultural Competencies to reduce the menace of low self-disclosure in the counseling units. The study also recommends that, government and the stakeholders in the private sectors as well as the Non-governmental Organizations should intensify efforts to improve counselors-students ratios across all the Junior Secondary Schools in the study location.</p> 2022-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220673 Influence of organizational politics on resource allocation in Nigeria universities 2022-01-31T17:02:07+00:00 L.E. Ekpenyong drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com Ibhade Joy Ojeaga drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>This study investigated the influence of organizational politics on resource allocation in Nigerian universities. Three research questions were answered in the course of the study and two null hypotheses were tested. The study utilized the descriptive survey design. This study sampled 229 from the population using stratified random sampling technique. The study used a structured instrument for data collection. Data collected were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation co-efficient and a reliability value of 0.82 was obtained. Mean and Standard Deviation (SD) were used to answer the research questions while the hypotheses were tested using wilcoxon rank test and z-test. Findings revealed amongst others that various categories of staff within the university system sometimes approached the chairmen and members of resources allocation committees for preferential treatment in federal and state universities. Again, state universities agreed that apart from senior academic colleagues, close friends and junior colleagues who sometimes approached chairpersons and members of resources allocation committees for preferential treatment, other categories of staff within the university such as vice chancellors and principal officers also sometimes approached the chairmen and members of Resource Allocation Committees for preferential treatment. Based on the findings, it was recommended that founders of universities in Nigeria should endeavour to improve on resource allocation to their universities and that there should be transparency and accountability in resources allocation in the universities by duly applying laid down rules and regulations among others.</p> 2022-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220693 The spiralling incidents of gender-based violence in Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic era: implications for national development 2022-02-01T14:18:13+00:00 Simeon.C Dimonye drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com Peter U. Iwunna drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com Patrick.N. Ujah drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>The Covid-19 pandemic in Nigeria adversely influenced the rising incidents of gender-based violence in the country. Several cases of violence perpetrated against the females by their male partners. Obviously, these left the females in terrible physical and emotional traumas, plus severe physical, psychological and mental injuries. Affected victims suffered emotional stress disorders and torturous mental agonies caused by rape, sexual assault, forceful trafficking, physical assault, kidnap for ransom, subjection to slavish conditions, denial of legitimate rights and child labour. These reports placed Nigeria on the dark pages of history and spoke volumes about the need to protect the rights of females. Thus, this paper examines the key negative impact which gender-based violence made on the development of Nigeria. In doing this, the qualitative method was adopted.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220694 Assessment and management of proneness to suicide among in-school adolescents in Lagos State, Nigeria 2022-02-01T05:50:39+00:00 Abigail Ikuburuju-Orola drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com Bola O. Makinde drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com Ayoka Mopelola Olusakin drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>This study assessed and managed proneness to suicide among in-school adolescents in Lagos state. Quasi-experimental pre-test/ post-test control group design was used for this study. The population of the study comprised all Senior Secondary two (SS11) students in Lagos state. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select a sample size of 66 Senior Secondary two students comprising of thirty one (31) males and thirty five (35) females. The instruments used to obtain data for the study were Life Attitude Scale Short Form (LAS-SF), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Modified Scale for Suicide Ideation (MSSI). Two research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The pre-test and post test scores were analysed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that Dialectical Behaviour Therapy and Interpersonal Therapy significantly reduced depression among in-school adolescents prone to suicide. Suicide Ideation reduced significantly among the group exposed to Dialectical Behaviour Therapy and Interpersonal Therapy than the control group.. The study recommends that school counsellors should acquaint themselves with Dialectical Behaviour Therapy and Interpersonal Therapy so as to manage adolescents with proneness to suicide</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220695 Establishing new universities in Nigeria and China’s converting colleges and universities to vocational schools: lessons for the former 2022-02-01T05:59:09+00:00 Muftahu Muhammad drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>The purpose of this study is not to compare Nigerian and China Higher Education system but to explore the two contexts and the areas of lesson for the former considering their similar peculiarities in terms of the need for vocational education for skilled work force for a sustainable economic society. Through collecting secondary sources, the evidence highlighted both countries pursuing „ massification‟ of their higher education system, where growth and development of higher education was driven by the increased number of enrolment and number of universities. While China has made and currently implementing plans of expanding its vocational education and training system to better address such problems, Nigeria maintained its course of expanding the number of universities. This is despite the evident structural problems in the country‟s higher education system. The current reforms in China could provide some takeaways and lessons for Nigeria, with opportunities for shifting from a quantity-focused to a more quality-focused and high relevance higher education system.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220722 Impact of two counselling strategies in the reduction of truancy among senior secondary school students in Lagos State, Nigeria 2022-02-01T11:41:20+00:00 Josephine Obiajulu Ibili drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>The study investigated the impact of social learning and cognitive behaviour therapies in reducing truancy among public senior secondary school students in Lagos State, Nigeria. Social Learning and Cognitive Behaviour therapies among senior secondary schools students (boys/girls). 130 students participated in the study. Quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test control group research design was adopted. The Truancy Questionnaire (TQ) was used to gather relevant data. The reliability coefficient obtained using test-retest reliability was 0.62. Two research questions were raised and corresponding hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Mean, standard deviation and Analysis of Covariance statistics (ANCOVA) were used to test the hypotheses. The investigation revealed that there is significant difference in the post-test scores on truancy among participants exposed to Social Learning and Cognitive therapies while the participants in the control group reported no significant difference. Both counselling strategies were effective in alleviating the rate of truancy among the senior secondary school students. The study recommended Social Learning and Cognitive Behaviour therapies in the reduction of truancy among the students.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220723 Influence of teachers aggressive behaviours on academic motivation of pupils in Anambra East L.G.A. Anambra State. 2022-02-01T11:46:35+00:00 A.N. Mbaegbu drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com Ijeoma M. Obibuba drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com J.I. Okwuba drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>This study was on the influence of teachers aggressive behaviours on academic motivation of pupils. It was a descriptive survey study carried out in Anambra East local government area, Anambra State. The sample constituted 120 teachers (70 females and 50 males) teaching in the public schools in the study area. An instrument entitled “Teachers aggressive behaviour survey” (TABS) developed by the researchers was used for data collection. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviations. The hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance using t-test statistics. Among the findings: teachers display various aggressive behaviours which discourage children from participating in classroom academic activities. It was recommended that school administratos should sensitize teachers on the influence of aggressive behaviours on pupils academic motivation.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220724 The impact of cognitive behaviour therapy and systematic desensitization technique on pre and post-natal disorders of women in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria 2022-02-01T11:49:55+00:00 Josephine Obiajulu Ibili drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>This study examined the impact of cognitive behaviour therapy and systematic desensitization and relaxation techniques on pre and postnatal disorders of women in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria. 120 women comprising pregnant and nursing mothers participated in the study. Quasi experimental pre-test/post-test control group research design was adopted. The researcher-constructed questionnaire was administered in other to gather relevant data of the pregnant and nursing mothers.. Two research questions were raised and corresponding hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Mean, standard deviation and analysis of variance statistics (ANOVA) were used to test the hypotheses. The investigation revealed that there is a significant difference in the post-test scores on psychosomatic disorders and educational qualification among participants exposed to cognitive behaviour, systematic desensitization and relaxation therapies. The participants on the control group reported no significant difference. Both counselling strategies were effective in alleviation of psychosomatic disorders and high educational qualification among the pregnant and nursing women.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220726 Relationship between personality and course of study among tertiary institution students in North Western Nigeria 2022-02-01T11:52:57+00:00 Sambo Aminu drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>This paper examined the relationship between personality variables and academic performance among higher institution students in north western Nigeria. The study hypothesized that there is no significant difference between personality and course of study among higher institution students. Correlational design was utilized to test the hypotheses formulated in the course of this study and 389 was used as a sample of study. Eysenck Personality Inventory Scale (EPI) was used to collect data from the sample and the academic records of 389 students from eight Colleges of Education were used as sample. The study employed independent t-test at 0.05 level of significance to determine the extent of differences between personality and students‟ course of study. The findings revealed that there is no significant difference between Science and Arts students in their level of personality scores. The study therefore, recommends that personality of student should not be considered as a yardstick for allocating a course to students. Primarily, the interest and aptitude of students should always be given preference, this is with a view to ensuring and predicting better academic outcome on the part of students. Furthermore, Teachers should also ensure that equal treatment is given to without preference to their personality.&nbsp;</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220728 Impact of teenage pregnancy and early marriage on psychosocial well-being of pregnant teenagers in Lagos State: sociological implications 2022-02-01T12:00:57+00:00 Patience Nnenne Emeri drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com Folake Omolara Olarenwaju drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>The study examined the impact of teenage pregnancy and early marriage on psychosocial well-being of pregnant teenagers in Alimosho Local Government Area of Lagos State. The study was guided by four formulated hypotheses. The descriptive research design was adopted in the study. One hundred and fifty (150) participants (pregnant teenagers) were selected through purposive sampling technique as sample size for the study. A self-developed questionnaire titled “Impact of Teenage Pregnancy and Early Marriage on the Psychosocial Well-being of Pregnant Teenagers Questionnaire (ITPEMPWPTQ)” was used for data collection. The results of the study showed that teenage pregnancy has significant impact on depression trauma among pregnant teenagers, teenage pregnancy has significant impact on social relationships among pregnant teenagers, teenage pregnancy has significant impact on social stigma of pregnant teenagers and early marriage has significant impact on emotional stability among pregnant teenagers. It was therefore, recommended that the government and other stakeholders in women affairs and development should strive to create conducive enabling, socio-political and economic conditions which will discourage teenage pregnancy and early marriage. Also, the traditional belief that the position of a woman is in the kitchen should be done away with. All hands should be on deck to ensure that teenage pregnancy and early marriage become reduced if not completely eradicated in the society since it is not only the girl-child that suffers but the society at large.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220735 Strategies for improving woodwork practical projects in tertiary institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria 2022-02-01T13:46:35+00:00 I. Olukayode Shobowale drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>The study determined the strategies for improving woodwork practical projects in tertiary institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria. Three research questions guided the study. The study adopted a survey research design. The study was in four tertiary institutions offering woodwork technology education in Ojo and Yaba Local Government Areas of Lagos State. The population for the study was 112 respondents, made up of 12 woodwork facilitators, 7 technicians and 93 students from the study areas. No sampling was done, since the population is manageable. A 46-item self-structured instrument title: Strategies for Improving Woodwork Practical Projects Questionnaire (SIWPPQ) was used for the study. The SIWPPQ was face validated by three experts. A reliability co-efficient of 0.83 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha analysis to determine the internal constituency of the SIWPPQ items. The SIWPPQ was administered to all 112 respondents. Data collected were analyzed using Means and Standard Deviation. The findings revealed 13 items on how motivation of students, 16 items on how instructional facilities and 17 items on how appropriate teaching techniques can improve woodwork practical projects. It recommends that guest speakers/entrepreneurs should be invited to motivate students about the benefits practical projects experiences for employability and Computer Aided Instruction (CAI) technique should be employed to improve students‟ Computer Aided Design and Drafting (CADD) skills for self-employment on graduation from tertiary institutions.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220737 Radio network as a strategic medium of education and awareness creation in Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic era: a historical perspective (1956-2020) 2022-02-01T14:04:01+00:00 Peter U. Iwunna drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com Patrick N. Ujah drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com Simeon C. Dimonye drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com Godwin.O Nkwocha drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>The radio network in Nigeria, no doubt, rendered credible services to Nigerians during the Covid-19 pandemic era. Through the services of the radio, Nigeria‟s populations of listeners received the relevant awareness messages required to escape the lethal infections of the Corona virus, code-named the Covid-19. Through the services of various radio stations, fellow citizens got sensitized about the dangers, patterns of spread, preventive measures and other related healthcare strategies that could curb the spread of the virus. Through the agency of the radio too, the country‟s school children received periodic school lessons from the comfort of their own homes during the lockdown era when all school closed down. These highlight the great roles played by the radio in Nigeria during the Covid-19 pandemic era, all with the intentions of keeping the populations of listeners safe and alive. It is the primary target of this paper to discuss some of the key roles played by the country‟s radio networks in tackling the spread of Covid-19 among Nigerians during the pandemic era.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220741 Challenges militating against home economics enterpreneurship education in tertiary institutions in South Western Nigeria 2022-02-01T14:09:22+00:00 Vero Iyalekhue Abusomwan drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>This study investigates the Challenges Militating against Home Economic Entrepreneurship Education in Tertiary Institutions in South western Nigeria.. The descriptive survey research design was adopted in this study. The population of the study consisted of all the Home Economics Students in University of Lagos and Federal College of Education (FCE) Technical in Lagos State. Proportionate stratified random sampling technique was adopted in selecting 50 respondents, made up of 30 Home Economics Students from University of Lagos and 20 from FCE (Technical) Akoka, Lagos State. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection which comprised of 32-items, based on a 5-point Liker scale pattern. The instrument was face and content validated by two experts: A reliability co-efficient of 0.79 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha analysis to determine the internal consistency of the questionnaire-items. The data collected from the study were analyzed using percentage, Mean and Standard Deviation for answering the three research questions. The findings revealed among others the recruitment of unqualified teachers; business capital; inadequate funding of entrepreneurship education in schools and universities; inability to access bank loans and credit facilities are some of the challenges militating against Home Economics entrepreneurship education. Based on the finding, recommendations were made among others that entrepreneurial topics should be included in the various levels of education, right from primary school levels and every should have set a business venture before graduating from the institution.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijer/article/view/220742 Perceived influence of drug abuse on undergraduates’ suicidal tendencies in the University Of Lagos 2022-02-01T14:13:56+00:00 Chinwe Anyama Stella drnwadinigwe@yahoo.com <p>The study investigated the influence of drug abuse on undergraduates‟ suicidal tendencies in University of Lagos, Lagos State. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. Two research hypotheses guided the study. 27 item Researcher-made questionnaire titled Influence of Drug Abuse on Suicidal Tendencies (IDAST) was used to elicit information from one hundred and eighty-three (183) participants randomly selected from three (4) faculties from University of Lagos. The hypotheses were tested using independent t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed significant perceived influence of drug abuse on undergraduates‟ depressive symptoms and suicidal tendencies. It was recommended based on the findings of this study that drug education should be incorporated into the secondary school curriculum so as to teach them the factors that predispose students to drug use and abuse, consequences of drug abuse and it‟s perceived influence on depression and suicidal tendencies.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c)