Wind power generation, wind penetration, power system modeling, PSO
In this paper, a new methodology has been proposed for attaining the maximum instantaneous wind penetration by the optimization of grid control parameters. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) based algorithm has been developed to obtain the maximum instantaneous penetration. The developed algorithm has been tested on modified IEEE 14-bus test system. The results have shown the maximum instantaneous wind energy penetration limit in percentage and also maximum bus loading point explicitly beyond which system drives into instability.
Keywords: Wind power generation, wind penetration, power system modeling, PSO